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 Title : Lord Citagupta The creator of script of Vedas Author : Mr Rajesh Kumar Narmdeya

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The Brahmin originated from the mouth, Kshatriyas from the hands, Vaishyas form the stomach and Shudras from the legs of the "Parabrahma paramatina sarvakaran sarbodhar sarvaswaroop sarveshwar sarvantaryami sarvavyapak" (the lord of universe, the ultimate god, the cause of all causes, the support to all, the universal form, the god of gods, the god who knows internals of everybody, the one who exists everywhere). The Parmatma (great God) remains complete forever. Though all these come out of his body, there are no "remains" with him.

Brahma has three forms: 1. the source of power Brahma 2. master of all the things Vishnu and 3. judiciary Shiva. Brahma exerted these three forms and human world was brought the development, first by Sapta Maharshi, then kings and royal families and the people in their kingdoms. The lord of creation gave them the power of reproduction. This power of reproduction was given to 84 lach creatures, producing "Udbhij" (vegetation), "jarayuj" (creatures including man born form the womb), and "swadej" (egg). To keep the cycle of nature in progress there were some rules and regulations from Vedas. They say, if the person does good deeds and if after death the immortal soul created by the Supreme leaves the body, he takes birth again through some others creatures so that this cycle of nature goes on. This duty was given to Dharamraja who was finding it difficult to keep accounts of all the people. Once he told this to Lord Brahma, so it was decided that for Dharamraja’s help and to make progress in his work and to speed up the work, they needed someone worthy, strong, intelligent, and fair. Brahmaji ordered Dharamraja for "dhyaan of pramatma" (meditation for the blessing of the Supreme.) Brahmaji ordered him for "tapa" (mortification) and told him that after tapasya (penance) he would get the desired worthy person he wants. With great mortification and austerity, finally Brahmaji’s wish came true. Brahmaji put a soul in his body and appeared in front of Dharmaraj. When Dharmaraj woke form his austerity, he saw a godly man with divine glow and dark complexion in front of him who had four hands, one of which had "masi bhajan" (inkpot), one hand with "lekhnai" (pen), third hand with "pustak" (book) and "talwar" (sword) in fourth hand.

Skandpuranas (11/39) say: Chitragupta is considered as one of 14 manus; therefore, the people from all four varnas (Brahmin, kshtriyas, vaishya and shudra) worship him.

The divine man asked Brahmaji – Oh Lord who am I? – what is the purpose of my creation? – give me orders. Brahmaji said – child, I got you after a great mortification. You were inside me, inside my body, inside my mind in the form of godly element. Your name will be Chitragupta and you will be called "kayastha." You are my "manasputra" (the son according to the Puranas, by wish and not by condition) – you will perform the religious rites by "Devyadnya" (a fire sacrifice), "rishiyadnya" (in respect of Rishis), "rutiuyodnay (reception and acceptance of all seasons) and "atithiyadnya" (reception of the guests) and show the humans the obedience of the religion. You will be established in the form thirteenth Yama (penance) and you will stay in human minds in the form of soul. You will keep a register of their good and bad deeds, keeping in mind and paying attention to their thoughts on death and their good and bad works. It will be your decision

to give them heavenly peace and happiness or grief and sorrow in hell depending upon their deeds. You will be known as "Yamrajay Dharmarajay" and you will be worshipped by gods, demons, demi-gods, etc., with gratification by the creatures on the earth. They will sacrifice and oblation with devotion in your name:
"Om Yamarajay Dharmarajay Shri Chitraguptaya namaha"

Brahmaji asked Chitragupta for mortification of the very powerful "Suray Savita Shakti Swaroopa Gayatridevi." With this homage and devotion Chitragupta received received bestowal from the supreme being.

With the blessing of the Supreme, Chitragupta incarnated for his purpose, which included "Yathayoga Karmau Kaushal" meaning according to one’s good and bad deeds, he will get his fruits. With the above hymn, Chitragupta inspired all creatures of different races, castes to believe and behave in unity, peace, justice, that all religions are equal and all human beings are equal, appropriate propaganda, understanding, kindly feelings and good faith in religious society and inspired people in "Swakarma Swadharma Satkarma."

Beginning of the Vedic Script

Brahmi script was created by Brahma. The authority measure for this was Chitragupta. The script to the writing system was given by Chitragupta. Chitragupta was the creator to bring the language of Gods, "Sanskrit" to script and to make it easy for all creatures. In the beginning, people used to follow "Shruti-smriti" in which the people used to convey knowledge in the form of stories and these stories used to be memorized and remembered. Making the script for Sanskrit, Chitragupta brought it to the visionary medium.

It is said that he used a pen to bring administration and discipline and a minimum of a sword of exhibit power.

Spiritual meaning of Chitragupta

Nobody knows human minds and nobody can read them. Every human has five sense organs and five organs of action, though which all work is done.
1.Human mind for any mistake or decision ad determination.
2.Brain for decision and conscience.
3.Pursuit to keep ourselves in progress.
4.The supreme power of our deeds is known as "Chitragupta." Puranas have accepted Chitragupta as Manasaputra of Lord Brahma.

Markandeya Puranas say, in second Manwantara (fourteenth part of the day of Brahma) in Swarochish, Chitragupta was the king by the name of "Surath" of the Chitra vansh. Seventh Vaivaswat Manwantar says, even today that Chitragupta is given oblations with 14 penances.

Chitragupta was the king of "saraswat" (the sub-sect of Brahmins originally inhabiting in Punjab) region. Almighty Chamundadevi gave him a blessing and Chitragupta became the king of Yamapura. When he took over the throne of Yamapura, south direction, people started knowing him by the name of "Chitragupta". Rigvedas call him a great warrior. In stories of Kathopnishadhas, Yamacharya Chitragupta was the sun of "Nachiketa Aaharshi Addalak Rishi" In Mahabharata, Adhyaya 13, Gods ask Chitragupta about the "punya" (good deed) of donation when Chitragupta says there is no great punya like donation.

Chitragupta’s descendant Chitrarath founded his kingdom in Chitrakuta. Being a "Manasputra" of Lord Brahma, Chitragupta was considered a Brahmin. Vedas say Chitragupta’s son got a citation of Mandavyarishi reshras".

In olden days, there were Kayastha Brahmins. In kaliyug, they are called Kshatriyas who have Brahma’s blessings. For virtuous-nonvirtuous decision, you will know all the changes in time. Give your virtue to your sons and to tapasya (mortification) in Avantikapuri on the banks of Kshipra river. A region or kingdom where your sons do not live, that will be destroyed.

Chitragupta started the mortification with the blessings of 28,000 rishis with a ceremonial "Yadnya" (fire sacrifice).

Chitragupta’s Marriages

With Brahma’s blessings Dharma Shrama Brahmashri got a girl called Iravati with whom Chitragupta was married. His second marriage was with Shraddhadev Manu’s daughter, Nandini.

Chitragupta had 8 sons form Iravati who is also known as Shobhavati:

1.Charu Descendants of whom settled in Mathura and are known as Mathur.
2.Sucharu His descendants settled in Goud region, so they were known as "Goud Kayastha."
3.Chitrasar His descendants settled in Kashi and were wise and learned in Vedas. They were known as Nigam.
4.Charun They settled in Gujrat in a village called Karnali on the banks of Narmada river.
5.Chitra They stayed in Mahanagari. Because they settled in a village called Bhatni, they were known as Bhatnagar.
6.Matimaan Matimaans’s son settled in a village of Sakasriya and so his descendants were known as Saxena.
7.Himwaan He was a worshipper of Goddess Ambamata and so his descendants were known as Ambashta.

8.Atindriya He settled in Nandagram in Bangladesh. He believed in all "kulachar" (hereditary rites of hindus observed in the family), so was known as "Kulsreshtha."

Chitragupta’s second wife was called Nandini – Kshatri Shradhdev Manu’s daughter – she is also called Dakshina in Yama Sanhita. She had four sons:

1.Bhanuputra He settled in Shrivas Nagri and was known as Shrivastava.
2.Vibhanu He lived in sursen and was called Surajdhwaj.
3.Vishwabhanu He lived near Maan sarovar and was called Ashtana.
4.Virbhanu Having stayed easternly he was known as Valmik.
Kayashtas also include Khare who consider themselves superior.
All sons of Chitragupta got married to "Nag Kanyas" (race beautiful females supposed to inhabit the lower regions). In Rajtaringini of Kalhan kayasthas are consider as best royal officials.

Kayasthas in bengal are called as Basu, Bose, Ghosh, Grihamitra, Dattanag, Nath, Das, Dev, Sen, Pal, Sinha, etc.

According to Chitragupta, women should be holy and sacrificing. They are the rulers of Gayatrimanta. They can learn and teach Vedas.

When / Chitragupta Maharaj departed for Yamapuri, Brahmaji entrusted his 12 sons to 12 Brahmins. Pulstasys Rishi told Bhishma Pitamah that with worship of Chitragupta, humans can endure all pleasures and joys of the life and have their all wishes fulfilled. They can get Vishnu Lok with worship of Chitragupta. In Mahabharata, Chitragupta is called saviour who believed in sacrifice and worshipping. In petition of Chitragupta, an ablation was offered to Chitragupta is in the Yadnya of Lord Rama’s marriage.

Yadnyavalkya Smriti gives evidence that Kayasthas are found in all professions like writers, accountants, assistants, administrator, court minister and royal officials.

Padmapurana says that Dattatreya, Pulstya Bhishma Pitamah, Agastya Muni, Kind Saudas got heavenly happiness because of Chitragupta "pujan" (worship). Bhishma Pitamah had an opportunity to see the sacred shrine of Chitragupta.


Bhavishyapuranas say the Bhishma Pitamah had got the blessings of "Ichcha Maran" (death at the time desired) by Chitragupta Pujan (worship).

Garud Puranas

Garud Puranas mention Chitragupta as the king of Yamaraj Puri, who did all the accounting of good and bad deeds of all creatures and who gave them the effect of rotating in the cycle according to their deeds.

Chitragupta got the blessings of Goddness Durga (primeval energy who is worshipped as the wife of Lord Shiva) to be young and immortal till the fourteenth "manwantara" (fourteenth part of the day of Brahma).

Chitragupta had twelve sons who were married to Nagkanyas – it is important to know their names:

1.Bhanuputra’s marriage with Padmini.
2.Vibhanu with Malati.
3.Vishwabhanu with Narmada.
4.Charu with Bhadrakalini.
5.Chitrasar with Bhanunkakshi.
6.Matimaan with Panjakshi.
7.Sucharu with Gandaki.
8.Charusta with Kokles Suta.
9.Himwaan with Sukhdamni.
10.Chitra with Kamkala.
11.Atindriya with Manuj Bhashani.
12.Charun with Karnaki.

It is a great feeling for us that in Bharatvarsha (India) we had great men in chitragupta descendant "Kayashtas" who hold the great position by their peerless and limitless contribution in the development of India. In all "yugas" (ages) from Vedic, Pouranic, in Moghal and British kingdom and independent India, in all high positions, Kayasthas have always been at the highest positions.


Tag Names : Puran,Ved
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