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pdz dk vFkZ

^laLd`r 'kCnkFkZ dkSLrqHk^ 'kCn dks'k ds vuqlkj ^pdz^ 'kCn dh O;Rif= ^d`^ /kkrq esa ^d^ izR;; tksM+ dj fuikru ls f}Ro djrs gq, dh tkrh gSA blds vkjfEHkd izeq[k vFkZ bl izdkj gSA pdok i{kh- ifg;k dqEgkj dk pkd rsyh dk dksYgw- Hkxoku~ fo".kq dk vk;q/k fo'ks"k- o`Rr- e.My- ny lewg bR;kfn ^pdz^ ,d laKk iqfyax 'kCn gS vkSj blh dk rn~Hko :i ^pdz^ gSA vkt dh ,d ledkyhu miU;kl&ysf[kdk eS=s;h iq"ik ds ,d c`gnkdkj miU;kl dk uke ^pdz^ gSA

pdz dk bfrgkl

vc ^pdz ds bfrgkl ij ,d n`f"Vikr dj ysaA vkfn ekuo tc ouksa esa jgk djrk Fkk- rc mls Hkq[k&I;kl Hkh vo'; yxrh Fkh^ viuh I;kl cq>kus ds fy, rks og >juksa] lfjrkvksa vkfn tyk'k;ksa dk ty ihdj viuh r`"kk dks cq>k fy;k djrk Fkk] fdUrq vius isV dh Hkw[k dks 'kkUr djus ds fy, mls fpUrk yxh gksxhA mlus igys rks o`{kksa ds iRrksa vkSj Qyksa dk vkgkj djds viuh tBjkfXu dks 'kkUr fd;k gksxkA cgqr fnuksa ckn mlus ^pdz^ dk fo'ks"k mi;ksxh vfo"dkj fd;k- ftlls vkxs pydj dkj[kkuksa feyks esa dke djus okys ;a=ksa fofHkUu okguksa vkfn dk vfLrRo lkeus vk;kA

^eRl;iqjk.k esa ;g dgk x;k gS fd ;fn fdlh tho dks bl Hkolkxj ls ikj mrjuk gks] rks mls lksus dk ,d pdz cuok dj- ml ij Hkxoku fo".kq dh ,d izfrek LFkkfir djok dj fdlh czkEg.k dks vo'; nku djuk pkfg, blh funsZ'k ds dkj.k gh vkLFkk ^pdz^ds izrhd ds izfr vkjaEHk ls gh jgh gS] ,slk dfri; fo}kuksa dk er gSA

lkfgR; esa pdz dk o.kZu

lcls igys ^_Xosn^ esa pdz dk mYys[k feyrkA ogk¡ dgk xgk x;k gS fd ve`rpdz LoxhZ; thou ds :i esa fujUrj ?kwerk gh jgrk gS vkSj og dHkh Hkh th.kZ&'kh.kZ ugha gksrk gSA

^_Xosn^ esa gh ^dkypdz^ ds lEcU/k esa dgk x;k gS fd nh?kZrik uked _f"k us lcls igys bldk lk{kkr~ vuqHko fd;kA fQj fdlh vn~Hkqr dk;Z ds fy, mldk okfpd vfo"dkj fd;k% ^}kn'kkja ugh rTtjk; ooZfrZ pdza ifj|ke`rL;^A& vFkkZr~ ckjg vkjksa okyk dkypdz Hkh f?klrk ugha gSA ;g vkdk'k&e.My es fujarj Hkze.k djrk gSA

pdz dh vizfrgr xfr dh dFkk

pdz dh bl xfr ds u :dus ls Hkh ^Jhen~ Hkkxor iqjk.k^ dh euksjatu dFkk tqMh+ gqbZ gS] tks dh la{ksi esa bl izdkj gSA ,d ckj egf"kZ nqokZlk egkHkkxor dgykus okys oS".ko jktk vEcjh"k dks Nyus ds iz;kstu ls ,d vfrfFk ds :i esa muds ikl tk ig¡ps fu;euqlkj mUgsa muds ikl cSB dj }kn'kh ozr dh ikj.kk djkuh FkhA ozr dk ikyu djuk ;fn ,d x`gLFk dk /keZ gS] rks D;k ;g ,d vfrfFk dk /keZ ugha gksrk gS\ ;g tkudj Hkh egf"kZ us ozr dk fu;e Hkax djds vius fuR;deZ ls fuiVus ds fy, ,d unh ds rV ij tkuk mRre le>kA vc jktk vEcjh"k fdadrZO; foew<+ jg x;sA ;fn os ozr iwjk ugha djrs gS] rks ;g fu;e dk Hkax gksxk vkSj ;fn egf"kZ dh vuqifLFkfr esa gh viuk ozr iqjk dj ysrs gSa] rks mUgsa egf"kZds dksi dk Hkktu gksuk iMs+xkA fQj ;g lksp dj fd fo".kq ds pj.kksa dk ty gh ^rhFkZ^ ekuk tkrk gS] jktk us fo".kq dk pj.kke`r ys dj viuk miokl rksM+ fn;kA cl fQj D;k Fkk] ;g tku dj egf"kZ nqokZlk us mUgsas nl ckj tUe ysuk dk 'kki ns MkykA m/kj vius vuU; HkDr ds izfr ?kksj vU;k; ns[k dk Hkxoku fo".kq us Hkh viuk lqn'kZu pdz egf"kZ ds fiNs NksM+ fn;kA nqokZlk rhuksa yksdkasa esa Hkkxrs fQjs] ijUrq pdz us mudk ihNk u NksM+k tc mUgksausa cSdq.B tkdj fo".kq th ls {kek ;kpuk Hkh dh] ijUrq rc Hkh mUgksaus mUgsa {kek djus esa viuh vleFkZrk gh trkbZA bl ij os jktk vEcjh"k dh gh 'kja.k esa igq¡ps] ftUgksaus mUgsa mnkj ân; ls u dsoy {kek dj fn;k] vfirq Hkxiku fo".kq ds vuqjks/k djds ml pdz ls Hkh mudk ihNk NqM+ok fn;kA

fu"d"kZ

dqN vkneh MkWDVjks ds ^pDdj^esa vf/kd u iM+us esa gh viuk vkSj vius ifjokj dk Hkyk le>rs gSa vk'k; ;g gS fd ftrus eqW¡g] mruh ckrsaA gfj vuUr] gfj dFkk vuUrka dh gh rjg ls bl pdz 'kCn dh efgek Hkh vijEikj jgh gSSA ;fn dqy feyk dj pdz thou esa xfr dk izrhd gS vkSj Hkkjrh; mifu"knksa ds funsZ'k ^pjSosfr pjSosfr^ ¼vFkkZr pyrs jgks] pyrs jgks^½ dk gh Lej.k fnykrk gS] rks mldh ifj/kh ;k ?ksjk gesa ,d izdkj ls lqj{kk vkSj laj{k.k dk Hkjiwj vk'oklu nsrk Hkkflr gksrk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd tSu /keZ ds leFkZdksa us ;fn ^flf/n&pdz^ dks ekU;rk nh gS] rks rkfU=dksa us Hkh yksxksa dks ^Jhpdz^ dks viukus ds lq>ko fn, gSaA

pdz ds os vusd izdkj gSa] ftuds vjksa dh la[;k T;kfefr ds ukuk :iksa dh gh rjg ls 2]4]5]6]7]810]16]100]1000] vkfn viuh bPNkuqlkj j[kh tkrh jgh gSA tgk¡ fdlh pdz esa dsUnz ^fLFkj^jgrk gSA

vk'kk gS] euq"; ^dky&pdz ^ dh fueZerk dks le>s vkSj viuk vFkkg vgadkj vkSj yksHk R;kx dj fo'o Hkj ds ekuo ds fy, dY;k.k dk;Z djus ds ckjs esa lksp dj viuk vkSj nwljksa fe=ksa dk Hkh thou lq[kh vkSj 'kkfUriw.kZ cukus esa viuh egfr Hkqfedk fuHkk, rHkh orZeku thou gh LoxZ leku gks ldrk gSA vjch Hkk"kk esa euq"; ds fy, ;g fo'ks"k 'kCn cgqr yksdfiz; jgk gS ^vJQ+&my&ejOywd^ vFkkZr~ ekuo lHkh izkf.k;ksa esa loZJs"B gSA blh dks lqfe=kuUnu iUr dh dfork&iafDr esa ;ksa ok.kh iznku dh xbZ gS] ftls yksxksa dks vius ?kj dh nhokj ij fdlh diM+s vkfn ij fy[kok dj yxok ysuk pkfg,&^lqUnj gS fogx] lqeu lqUnj] ekuo rqe lcls lqUnjreA^

 

os-ia- lkxj lat; tks'kh

xq: xaxs'oj osn fon;ky;

efgjko.kh] ukf'kd

dd
 Title : Chkra Ka Etihas Author : Sagar Joshi

pdz dk vFkZ

^laLd`r 'kCnkFkZ dkSLrqHk^ 'kCn dks'k ds vuqlkj ^pdz^ 'kCn dh O;Rif= ^d`^ /kkrq esa ^d^ izR;; tksM+ dj fuikru ls f}Ro djrs gq, dh tkrh gSA blds vkjfEHkd izeq[k vFkZ bl izdkj gSA pdok i{kh- ifg;k dqEgkj dk pkd rsyh dk dksYgw- Hkxoku~ fo".kq dk vk;q/k fo'ks"k- o`Rr- e.My- ny lewg bR;kfn ^pdz^ ,d laKk iqfyax 'kCn gS vkSj blh dk rn~Hko :i ^pdz^ gSA vkt dh ,d ledkyhu miU;kl&ysf[kdk eS=s;h iq"ik ds ,d c`gnkdkj miU;kl dk uke ^pdz^ gSA

pdz dk bfrgkl

vc ^pdz ds bfrgkl ij ,d n`f"Vikr dj ysaA vkfn ekuo tc ouksa esa jgk djrk Fkk- rc mls Hkq[k&I;kl Hkh vo'; yxrh Fkh^ viuh I;kl cq>kus ds fy, rks og >juksa] lfjrkvksa vkfn tyk'k;ksa dk ty ihdj viuh r`"kk dks cq>k fy;k djrk Fkk] fdUrq vius isV dh Hkw[k dks 'kkUr djus ds fy, mls fpUrk yxh gksxhA mlus igys rks o`{kksa ds iRrksa vkSj Qyksa dk vkgkj djds viuh tBjkfXu dks 'kkUr fd;k gksxkA cgqr fnuksa ckn mlus ^pdz^ dk fo'ks"k mi;ksxh vfo"dkj fd;k- ftlls vkxs pydj dkj[kkuksa feyks esa dke djus okys ;a=ksa fofHkUu okguksa vkfn dk vfLrRo lkeus vk;kA

^eRl;iqjk.k esa ;g dgk x;k gS fd ;fn fdlh tho dks bl Hkolkxj ls ikj mrjuk gks] rks mls lksus dk ,d pdz cuok dj- ml ij Hkxoku fo".kq dh ,d izfrek LFkkfir djok dj fdlh czkEg.k dks vo'; nku djuk pkfg, blh funsZ'k ds dkj.k gh vkLFkk ^pdz^ds izrhd ds izfr vkjaEHk ls gh jgh gS] ,slk dfri; fo}kuksa dk er gSA

lkfgR; esa pdz dk o.kZu

lcls igys ^_Xosn^ esa pdz dk mYys[k feyrkA ogk¡ dgk xgk x;k gS fd ve`rpdz LoxhZ; thou ds :i esa fujUrj ?kwerk gh jgrk gS vkSj og dHkh Hkh th.kZ&'kh.kZ ugha gksrk gSA

^_Xosn^ esa gh ^dkypdz^ ds lEcU/k esa dgk x;k gS fd nh?kZrik uked _f"k us lcls igys bldk lk{kkr~ vuqHko fd;kA fQj fdlh vn~Hkqr dk;Z ds fy, mldk okfpd vfo"dkj fd;k% ^}kn'kkja ugh rTtjk; ooZfrZ pdza ifj|ke`rL;^A& vFkkZr~ ckjg vkjksa okyk dkypdz Hkh f?klrk ugha gSA ;g vkdk'k&e.My es fujarj Hkze.k djrk gSA

pdz dh vizfrgr xfr dh dFkk

pdz dh bl xfr ds u :dus ls Hkh ^Jhen~ Hkkxor iqjk.k^ dh euksjatu dFkk tqMh+ gqbZ gS] tks dh la{ksi esa bl izdkj gSA ,d ckj egf"kZ nqokZlk egkHkkxor dgykus okys oS".ko jktk vEcjh"k dks Nyus ds iz;kstu ls ,d vfrfFk ds :i esa muds ikl tk ig¡ps fu;euqlkj mUgsa muds ikl cSB dj }kn'kh ozr dh ikj.kk djkuh FkhA ozr dk ikyu djuk ;fn ,d x`gLFk dk /keZ gS] rks D;k ;g ,d vfrfFk dk /keZ ugha gksrk gS\ ;g tkudj Hkh egf"kZ us ozr dk fu;e Hkax djds vius fuR;deZ ls fuiVus ds fy, ,d unh ds rV ij tkuk mRre le>kA vc jktk vEcjh"k fdadrZO; foew<+ jg x;sA ;fn os ozr iwjk ugha djrs gS] rks ;g fu;e dk Hkax gksxk vkSj ;fn egf"kZ dh vuqifLFkfr esa gh viuk ozr iqjk dj ysrs gSa] rks mUgsa egf"kZds dksi dk Hkktu gksuk iMs+xkA fQj ;g lksp dj fd fo".kq ds pj.kksa dk ty gh ^rhFkZ^ ekuk tkrk gS] jktk us fo".kq dk pj.kke`r ys dj viuk miokl rksM+ fn;kA cl fQj D;k Fkk] ;g tku dj egf"kZ nqokZlk us mUgsas nl ckj tUe ysuk dk 'kki ns MkykA m/kj vius vuU; HkDr ds izfr ?kksj vU;k; ns[k dk Hkxoku fo".kq us Hkh viuk lqn'kZu pdz egf"kZ ds fiNs NksM+ fn;kA nqokZlk rhuksa yksdkasa esa Hkkxrs fQjs] ijUrq pdz us mudk ihNk u NksM+k tc mUgksausa cSdq.B tkdj fo".kq th ls {kek ;kpuk Hkh dh] ijUrq rc Hkh mUgksaus mUgsa {kek djus esa viuh vleFkZrk gh trkbZA bl ij os jktk vEcjh"k dh gh 'kja.k esa igq¡ps] ftUgksaus mUgsa mnkj ân; ls u dsoy {kek dj fn;k] vfirq Hkxiku fo".kq ds vuqjks/k djds ml pdz ls Hkh mudk ihNk NqM+ok fn;kA

fu"d"kZ

dqN vkneh MkWDVjks ds ^pDdj^esa vf/kd u iM+us esa gh viuk vkSj vius ifjokj dk Hkyk le>rs gSa vk'k; ;g gS fd ftrus eqW¡g] mruh ckrsaA gfj vuUr] gfj dFkk vuUrka dh gh rjg ls bl pdz 'kCn dh efgek Hkh vijEikj jgh gSSA ;fn dqy feyk dj pdz thou esa xfr dk izrhd gS vkSj Hkkjrh; mifu"knksa ds funsZ'k ^pjSosfr pjSosfr^ ¼vFkkZr pyrs jgks] pyrs jgks^½ dk gh Lej.k fnykrk gS] rks mldh ifj/kh ;k ?ksjk gesa ,d izdkj ls lqj{kk vkSj laj{k.k dk Hkjiwj vk'oklu nsrk Hkkflr gksrk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd tSu /keZ ds leFkZdksa us ;fn ^flf/n&pdz^ dks ekU;rk nh gS] rks rkfU=dksa us Hkh yksxksa dks ^Jhpdz^ dks viukus ds lq>ko fn, gSaA

pdz ds os vusd izdkj gSa] ftuds vjksa dh la[;k T;kfefr ds ukuk :iksa dh gh rjg ls 2]4]5]6]7]810]16]100]1000] vkfn viuh bPNkuqlkj j[kh tkrh jgh gSA tgk¡ fdlh pdz esa dsUnz ^fLFkj^jgrk gSA

vk'kk gS] euq"; ^dky&pdz ^ dh fueZerk dks le>s vkSj viuk vFkkg vgadkj vkSj yksHk R;kx dj fo'o Hkj ds ekuo ds fy, dY;k.k dk;Z djus ds ckjs esa lksp dj viuk vkSj nwljksa fe=ksa dk Hkh thou lq[kh vkSj 'kkfUriw.kZ cukus esa viuh egfr Hkqfedk fuHkk, rHkh orZeku thou gh LoxZ leku gks ldrk gSA vjch Hkk"kk esa euq"; ds fy, ;g fo'ks"k 'kCn cgqr yksdfiz; jgk gS ^vJQ+&my&ejOywd^ vFkkZr~ ekuo lHkh izkf.k;ksa esa loZJs"B gSA blh dks lqfe=kuUnu iUr dh dfork&iafDr esa ;ksa ok.kh iznku dh xbZ gS] ftls yksxksa dks vius ?kj dh nhokj ij fdlh diM+s vkfn ij fy[kok dj yxok ysuk pkfg,&^lqUnj gS fogx] lqeu lqUnj] ekuo rqe lcls lqUnjreA^

 

os-ia- lkxj lat; tks'kh

xq: xaxs'oj osn fon;ky;

efgjko.kh] ukf'kd

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