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The conference held on the occasion of completion of 125 years for the establishment of the Arya Samaj in Mumbai on 23rd March 2001 was extraordinary. The proof of Maharshi Dayanand’s great knowledge and thinking powers are the rules which he formulated for the Arya Samaj, and only on the basis of these, the teaching and learning, and reading and listening is supposed to be the duty of all Aryans. Having followed these and after 31 years of continuous study, this writer is now in a position to guide the great learned people of Arya Samaj.

Shri. Satyavrat Savarkantha did define ‘Manurbhav’, but he could not find enough time to explain that Manu (Glossary 5/6) is one of the 31 matters that exist in space. The Nighantu (Glossary) describes 25 types of men. To understand these, let us see the Nighantu 2/3.

1. Manushya: For these, after going through the following episodes in the RigVed with reference to their Rishis, deities, Chhands, it can be seen that this type is given for men who were experts of certain specific and extraordinary branches of knowledge: Rig 1/31/11, 164/45, 4/1/13, 7/89/5, 10/35/8, 85/37109/6, 130/5,6,150/4, 3/4/6, 5/17/10, 9*51/3, 117/3, 8/1/11.

2. Nara: 26 types of horses (Ni. 1/14) and 25 types of men with expertise in the knowledge which could run like the horses: Rig 2/117/18, 149/2, 5/6/2, 8/9/16, Yajur 40/30, Sam 365 etc.

3. Dhawa: Men with expertise in the knowledge of walking: Rig 1/36/5, 2/5/4, 8/17/14, A. 6/88/3.

4. Jantava: Men with expertise in the knowledge of water molecules called Janma: Rig 1/45/6, 74/3, 81/9, 94/5, 5/7/2, 19/3, 10/48/1, 49/2, Yajur 15/31, Sam 1382 A, 20/56/6 etc.

5. Vish: Men with expertise in the knowledge of transactions of giving and taking: Rig 5/25/1, 31/5, 35/5, 44/7, 50/5, 69/3, 11/3 etc.

6. Krishtaya: Men with expertise in the knowledge of aeroplanes in space etc.: Rig 1/4/6, 36/19, 52/11, 3/49/1, 4/30/2, 5/19/3 etc.

7. Sitaya: Men with expertise in the knowledge of experiments of fingers and arms in space etc.: Rig 1/33/6, 100/7, 151/3, 3/18/1, 4/24/4, 38/5 etc.

8. Charshanaya: Men with expertise in the knowledge of one of 84 substances called Charshani: Rig 1/184/4, 6/2/2, 25/7. 31/1, 33/4 etc.

9. Nahush (Nahuva): Men with expertise in the knowledge of space: Rig 1/122/8,10,11, 7/6/5, 8/8/3, 10/49/8, 80/6, 99/7 etc.

10. Haraya: Men with expertise in the classified knowledge of 11 types of burning, 11 types of anger, 62 types of matter, 37 flammable materials classified in to 84 types and planning: Rig 1/16/1, 101/10, 164/4, 3/43/6, 50/2, 53/4, 4/16/1 etc.

11. Marya: Men with expertise in the classified knowledge of exhibiting 15 forms at the time of birth: Rig 1/64/2, 3/54/13, 5/53/3, 59/3,5,6, 7/56/1, 16 etc.

12. Martya: Men with expertise in the classified knowledge of physics: Rig 10/118/5, 3/9/6, 6/45/8, 84/7, 8/122, 9/9/4 etc.

13. Martta: Men with expertise in the knowledge of vehicles and electricity: Rig 1/5/10, 60/2, 100/15, 187/1, 2/27/10, 3/9/10, 4/11/5 etc.

14. Wrata: Men with expertise in the knowledge of making functional the 84 substances classified in Nighantu 4/2: Rig 1/163/8, 9/14/2, Yajur 26*25, 29/19 etc.

15. Tuvarsha: Men with expertise in the knowledge of 11 substances existing in space: Rig 1/31/18, 54/6, 174/9, 6/20/12, 6/27/7, 45/1, 7/19/8, 8/4/7 etc.

16. Ayava: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using grains and foods as arms: Rig 1/60/3, 117/25, 130/6, 131/2, 139/3, 2/31/7, 4/7/4, 5/4 etc.

17. Druhav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of the motions of 62 substances classified in Nighantu 4/1: Rig 7/18/6, 14, 8/10/5, 7/16/12, 1/108/8, 6/46/8 etc.

18. Yadav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using substances with 5 functions classified in 17 types: Rig 1/33/12, 108/2, 3/18/3, 7/79/4, 10/114/8, Yajur 38/26, 3/15/3, 22/4/5, 4/6/2.

19. Anav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using substances classified in Nighantu 4/3: Rig 10/84/4, Ath 4/3/5.

20. Poorav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using 101 molecules classified in functions: Rig 1/60/2, 94/8, 139/9, 2/3/3, 3/174 etc.

21. Jagat: Men with expertise in the knowledge of directing the velocities of 9 rays: Rig 1/35/1, 89/4, 101/5, 115/1, 7/101/6, 159/3, 4/13/3, 4/53/6, 6/22/9 etc.

22. Tasthush: Men with expertise in the knowledge of theories of using light velocities with 14 types of substances: Rig 1/6/1, 89/5, 1/5/1, 3/38/9, 5/53/2, 7/32/22 etc.

23. Panjjajana: Men with expertise in the knowledge of Apatya Karma of 2 different substances: Rig 1/100/12, 9/66/20, Yajur 26/9 etc.

24. Vivakshva: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using 25 types of Mahah with 46 types of Sangrams: Rig 1/44/1, 10/14/5 Ath 11/8/2, 18/1/52 etc.

25. Prutana: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using 10 types of donation with 46 types of Sangrams: Rig 2/47/5, 3/24/1, 34/4, 6/75/5, 7/20/3, 8/36/1,6, 8/37/2, 96/7 etc.

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 Title : TYPES OF MEN IN THE VEDS Author : Mr Chailbiharilal Goyal

The conference held on the occasion of completion of 125 years for the establishment of the Arya Samaj in Mumbai on 23rd March 2001 was extraordinary. The proof of Maharshi Dayanand’s great knowledge and thinking powers are the rules which he formulated for the Arya Samaj, and only on the basis of these, the teaching and learning, and reading and listening is supposed to be the duty of all Aryans. Having followed these and after 31 years of continuous study, this writer is now in a position to guide the great learned people of Arya Samaj.

Shri. Satyavrat Savarkantha did define ‘Manurbhav’, but he could not find enough time to explain that Manu (Glossary 5/6) is one of the 31 matters that exist in space. The Nighantu (Glossary) describes 25 types of men. To understand these, let us see the Nighantu 2/3.

1. Manushya: For these, after going through the following episodes in the RigVed with reference to their Rishis, deities, Chhands, it can be seen that this type is given for men who were experts of certain specific and extraordinary branches of knowledge: Rig 1/31/11, 164/45, 4/1/13, 7/89/5, 10/35/8, 85/37109/6, 130/5,6,150/4, 3/4/6, 5/17/10, 9*51/3, 117/3, 8/1/11.

2. Nara: 26 types of horses (Ni. 1/14) and 25 types of men with expertise in the knowledge which could run like the horses: Rig 2/117/18, 149/2, 5/6/2, 8/9/16, Yajur 40/30, Sam 365 etc.

3. Dhawa: Men with expertise in the knowledge of walking: Rig 1/36/5, 2/5/4, 8/17/14, A. 6/88/3.

4. Jantava: Men with expertise in the knowledge of water molecules called Janma: Rig 1/45/6, 74/3, 81/9, 94/5, 5/7/2, 19/3, 10/48/1, 49/2, Yajur 15/31, Sam 1382 A, 20/56/6 etc.

5. Vish: Men with expertise in the knowledge of transactions of giving and taking: Rig 5/25/1, 31/5, 35/5, 44/7, 50/5, 69/3, 11/3 etc.

6. Krishtaya: Men with expertise in the knowledge of aeroplanes in space etc.: Rig 1/4/6, 36/19, 52/11, 3/49/1, 4/30/2, 5/19/3 etc.

7. Sitaya: Men with expertise in the knowledge of experiments of fingers and arms in space etc.: Rig 1/33/6, 100/7, 151/3, 3/18/1, 4/24/4, 38/5 etc.

8. Charshanaya: Men with expertise in the knowledge of one of 84 substances called Charshani: Rig 1/184/4, 6/2/2, 25/7. 31/1, 33/4 etc.

9. Nahush (Nahuva): Men with expertise in the knowledge of space: Rig 1/122/8,10,11, 7/6/5, 8/8/3, 10/49/8, 80/6, 99/7 etc.

10. Haraya: Men with expertise in the classified knowledge of 11 types of burning, 11 types of anger, 62 types of matter, 37 flammable materials classified in to 84 types and planning: Rig 1/16/1, 101/10, 164/4, 3/43/6, 50/2, 53/4, 4/16/1 etc.

11. Marya: Men with expertise in the classified knowledge of exhibiting 15 forms at the time of birth: Rig 1/64/2, 3/54/13, 5/53/3, 59/3,5,6, 7/56/1, 16 etc.

12. Martya: Men with expertise in the classified knowledge of physics: Rig 10/118/5, 3/9/6, 6/45/8, 84/7, 8/122, 9/9/4 etc.

13. Martta: Men with expertise in the knowledge of vehicles and electricity: Rig 1/5/10, 60/2, 100/15, 187/1, 2/27/10, 3/9/10, 4/11/5 etc.

14. Wrata: Men with expertise in the knowledge of making functional the 84 substances classified in Nighantu 4/2: Rig 1/163/8, 9/14/2, Yajur 26*25, 29/19 etc.

15. Tuvarsha: Men with expertise in the knowledge of 11 substances existing in space: Rig 1/31/18, 54/6, 174/9, 6/20/12, 6/27/7, 45/1, 7/19/8, 8/4/7 etc.

16. Ayava: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using grains and foods as arms: Rig 1/60/3, 117/25, 130/6, 131/2, 139/3, 2/31/7, 4/7/4, 5/4 etc.

17. Druhav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of the motions of 62 substances classified in Nighantu 4/1: Rig 7/18/6, 14, 8/10/5, 7/16/12, 1/108/8, 6/46/8 etc.

18. Yadav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using substances with 5 functions classified in 17 types: Rig 1/33/12, 108/2, 3/18/3, 7/79/4, 10/114/8, Yajur 38/26, 3/15/3, 22/4/5, 4/6/2.

19. Anav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using substances classified in Nighantu 4/3: Rig 10/84/4, Ath 4/3/5.

20. Poorav: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using 101 molecules classified in functions: Rig 1/60/2, 94/8, 139/9, 2/3/3, 3/174 etc.

21. Jagat: Men with expertise in the knowledge of directing the velocities of 9 rays: Rig 1/35/1, 89/4, 101/5, 115/1, 7/101/6, 159/3, 4/13/3, 4/53/6, 6/22/9 etc.

22. Tasthush: Men with expertise in the knowledge of theories of using light velocities with 14 types of substances: Rig 1/6/1, 89/5, 1/5/1, 3/38/9, 5/53/2, 7/32/22 etc.

23. Panjjajana: Men with expertise in the knowledge of Apatya Karma of 2 different substances: Rig 1/100/12, 9/66/20, Yajur 26/9 etc.

24. Vivakshva: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using 25 types of Mahah with 46 types of Sangrams: Rig 1/44/1, 10/14/5 Ath 11/8/2, 18/1/52 etc.

25. Prutana: Men with expertise in the knowledge of using 10 types of donation with 46 types of Sangrams: Rig 2/47/5, 3/24/1, 34/4, 6/75/5, 7/20/3, 8/36/1,6, 8/37/2, 96/7 etc.

Tag Names : Nighantu
Other articles of this author :
1 The reference of verbs in vedas
2 SCIENCE IN THE VEDAS
3 SCIENCE IN THE VEDAS
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