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When, where and how the very first spring of world’s literature started flowing, is a very interesting story. People may ask why the great name of Valmiki was not mentioned. But my answer is that if the Veds were created even before Valmiki, how can we say the Valmiki was the original poet, ignoring the three poets connected with the creation of the Veds? Can we ignore those three and say that Valmiki was the original poet? The Nasadiya Sukta of the Rigved clearly says that the Veds were created in the universe before the current one. It says in the Chapter 8/A7/17, "Really, who knows and who can say how all this started and where was the genesis of the universe from? This universe was created before the Gods. Thus, who can know how all this was created? (If the Veds describe as above, then how did the Veds know this themselves?) Here, Vyas has inferred that Veds were very ancient; that they had no beginning. This was all created by the One Who was the Creator of the universe (He created the universe with His will-power), or not created even by Him (meaning, everything was created without his inspiration, by itself). The One Whose all-seeing eyes observe the universe from the highest skies, knows this (mystery behind these two things), or perhaps even He does not know, (because in the Formless and Attributeless One), there was no sense of knowledge, will and action before the genesis of the universe."

Refer ‘Hindutva" by Ramdas Goud, page 32.

Valmiki is not the Original Poet

If the incident of the so-called original poet Valmiki took place a thousand years before this Sukta of the Veds was written, how can Valmiki be called the Original Poet?

Eons upon eons later, the raw material (Shrutis) for the four Veds came from the four mouths of Maha Prajapati Brahma. Later, his foster son Chitragupt gave this raw material (Shrutis) the form of alphabetic script and created the Brahmabhasha with letters and script. Thus, Chitragupt transformed the Veds which were created in the form of Shrutis into the written form of today; even then, he had created just one Ved in writing for the Gods. Much later, towards the end of the Dwapar Yug, Satyawatinandan Badarayan, another creation of the Lord, divided the single Ved into the four Vyas (forms)of Veds of today: RigVed, YajurVed, AtharvaVed and SamVed. And, Badarayan himself, the creator of four Vyas of the Veds, came to be known as ‘Ved-Vyas’.

These four Veds were for ordinary human beings. Then the supplementary literature to the Veds such as UpaVeds, DhanurVed, GandharvaVed, AyurVed etc. was created. Later came the Vedang era, in which education, grammar, Nirukta, Chhands, arts and astrology were created. Later still came the Upang era when the Upangs of the Veds such as the Aranyaks and Brahman books were created. It took literally thousands of eons to create all this, the entire ‘SatyaYug’ was gone, and then later in the TretaYug, Manu created the Manu Smriti, more than half of which was written by Bhrigu. This was clearly the science of rules and regulations to be followed by human beings. Then after the advancement of techniques since the Veds, the thousands of Upanishads were brought to light.

Immediately after this dawned the era of Purans, wherein were created thousands of stories based on the principles and theories of the Veds. Thus, 18 Purans were created. After the Purans was created the literature of various sects such as Ganapatya, Saur-mat, Yog-mat, Shakta-mat, Shaiva-mat, Bhagwat-mat, which were later followed by various philosophies (Darshans) like Charvak Darshan, Madhyamik Darshan, Yogachar Darshan, Soudhantik Darshan, Vaibhavishak Darshan, Vaisheshik Darshan, Nyaya Darshan, Sankhya Darshan, Yoga Darshan, Purvamimamsa and Vedant Darshan. An entire group of four Yugs (from SatyaYug to KaliYug) was spent for this.

The coming of man made literature

The whole of this literature was Devine Literature, which was created by Chitragupt with the help of the Brahmi Script from Brahma and the Notes Script (Swar Lipi) from Goddess Saraswati; which means that the whole of this Divine Literature was created by the Father Lord Brahma, the Mother Goddess Saraswati and the Son Chitragupt.

Now came the era of the Story of Lord Ram. This is the Ramayan which is present in each of the Purans. Thus, 18 Ramayans were already written before Valmiki. Valmiki wrote the Ramayan for human beings, which is so popular today.

How was the Vedic Literature written?

Common people know how the Vedic literature was written. There is a story in the Taittiriya Upanishad in which it is mentioned that knowledge came from the heaven, which was accepted by the Rhshis in the form of Upanishads. This knowledge had been accepted during contemplation. Vaishampayan, a disciple of Vedvyas formed the mantras of the YajurVed from this knowledge and spewed them out, which were accepted by Vaishampayan’s disciples, and from this was created the Taittiriya Upanishad. This same story appears in the Vishnu Puran, though with some small differences. Similarly, Brahma spewed out the whole Vedic knowledge out of His four mouths, which was picked up by Chitragupt who then created the four Veds from it. The same story of knowledge being spewed out by Brahma appears in the Matsya Puran, Chapter 3, Verse 2-4.

Thus, just as Yadnyawalkya spewed out the knowledge given by Vaishampayan, Brahma spewed out knowledge from all his four mouths, which was picked up by his writer son Chitragupt and written in the for of form Veds. This is the Vedic story of the writing of the Veds. The writers of the Varun Puran corroborated this by seeking the blessings of Chitragupt. This tradition continued. Vedvyas spewed out the story of Mahabharat which was picked up and written by Lord Ganesh, the sone of Lord Shankar. By then, Vyas was very old, and so, it was popularized by his son, Shukadev. The same thing happened with the popularization of Bhagwat, and the credit for this too goes to Shukadev. We don’t have to go too far back in the past. Lokamanya Tilak wrote the Geeta Rahasya in jail, and it was destroyed by the British rulers. But Tilak himself wrote it again precisely the same way after being released from jail. This is the tradition from which literature is born, without which it cannot be created.

Contribution of the three writers

All the four Veds and their supplementary literature is the product of the contemplation of three great original writers: Lord Brahma, Chitragupt and VedVyas.

As all the Mantras originated from Brahma, originally they were called ‘Brahma’, but later, when the Brahmins monopolized them, they came to be known as ‘Mantras’. Interestingly, even in ‘Hindutva’, the same three are named as the creators of Veds: Hiranyagarbha (Brahma), Chitra (Chitragupt) and Matsya (Vyas, who was the son of a Matsya Kanya, i.e., a fisherwoman). If you can’t believe me, please refer page 26 and 27 of ‘Hindutva’.

Now, the present thinking that the Vedic Mantras were creations of a number of different Rishis, is a misnomer. This was revealed by Swami Dayanand Saraswati himself, and this was mentioned by his great disciple Acharya Priyavrat Vedvachaspatiji in his book "Ved Aur Uski Vaidnyanikta - Bharatiya Manisha Ke Pariprekshya Mein" on page 225, in the chapter "Rishiyon Ko Mantrakrit Kahne Ka Abhipray".

There are a lot of Mantras on Chitragupt in the RigVed. Garud Puran quite explicitly announces him as the creator of the Veds. This is the reason why the Veds are traditionally held to be Divine Creations (Apourusheya), which still holds today.

Tag Names : Puran
Other articles of this author :
1 Supernatural Literature
3 Credit and Inspiration of the Vedas
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