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The source and inspiration of the whole Sanskrit literature lies in Vedas. There are innumerable literary works in the field of literature in this universe. But amongst them the literary work Gita is one and the only book, which has been translated in every language of this universe. It is also an accepted fact that the Gita is praised by all those who are able to read and write. I strongly believe that in this universe no other creation has been yet created or will ever be created, which can match Gita. I am not praising the Gita here. II start doing that I would have to write a big book on it. It is said that if you have read and studied Gita thoroughly, what will you benefit from other sciences? Gita is the essence of all sciences. Swami Anandgiri is of the opinion that, "One who studies Gita properly and seriously gets what he wishes in life and one who studies Gita with a selfless approach, without any expectations in mind, attains purity of mind and he gets immense satisfaction from it. Gita is not only praised in India but also abroad. Warren Hastings used to say, "The teaching of Gita are invaluable for a society, which wants to achieve the best and reach to a certain level. The most beautiful, mature and excellent critic written on Gita is that of Saint Dnyaneshwar. His thoughts about the Gita are, "Gita is the foundation of all kinds of happiness, it an ocean full of theorems, and also the basis of all kinds of education. After Dnyaneshwara, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak has aptly commented on the same in "Gitarahasya". He writes, "there is no other book in Sanskrit literature which explains the contemporary principles of Hindu religious in a concise yet exact manner. There is no other book in Sanskrit literature, which can be compared with this one. Swami Vivekananda also said that, "Gita is a bouquet of beautiful flowers of spiritual truth, which have been chosen carefully from the Upanishadas.

Mr. Brooks says, "Gita is India’s contribution to the future religion of the world." Bhikshu Akhandananda used to say, "Gita is like an aeroplane which has escaped from the illusory trap thrown by this world and which is soaring high up in the skies of truth. Dr. Mechanical used to say, "In India we find a peculiar mix of Gita, sharp intelligence, excellent conduct and religious enthusiasm." The famous scholar of Germany Mister William von Hombai Ditijo says, "Gita is the most beautiful, perhaps, the only true philosophical song existing in any known tongue." Arvinda Ghosh had himself said that one can achieve fulfillment in life and spiritual enlightenment with Gita. The famous freedom fighter of India, who gave the slogan of ‘vande mataram’ to the country, Bankimchandra Chatopadhyay, always believed that such extraordinary religion, such extraordinary unity is possible only in the Gita. Such an extraordinary definition of religion has not yet been done in any times, by anybody in any country.

To comment on such a diving store of knowledge called Gita is not a very small thing. Gita includes all kinds of knowledge from India. I would like to comment on one shloka from gita, which is the tenth chapter that is 34th shloka from Vibhooti yoga. In this shloka lord Krishna says, "I reside in women in the form of seven virtues, they are: Medha, Kshama, Dhruti, Keerti, Sudhi, Shree and Vak. Let us see what each virtue means. Medha means intellect. This is the basic necessity of being intelligent. People called this as practical knowledge. Forgiveness: it is a state of mind, where one woman tolerates the trouble given to her by another woman, without saying anything and still not having any bad feeling about it. This means letting one go without having any hard feelings in mind. While accepting the mistake one must wish not to repeat the same mistake again and forgive the person. Dhruti means grasping power. Keerti means success, fame. This is something which one gets when he has done some good and noble work, such work, which is remembered even after that person is not there any more. Sudhi means memory. This is the knowledge of things, which are recollected by memory. This is to be found religion, support and day to day activities. Remembering some past reference which had been forgotten, remembering things about the dear ones again and again is called memory. The simple meaning of ‘Shree’ is beauty, attraction, wealth, richness and growth. This means glaze, and also an ornament called Bindi to be worn by woman on their forehead. An auspicious vein in the foot is also called Shree. This is a word of respect which is used before names of a raga belonging to ‘Shadava’ group, which is sung at the time of sunset. So the wife of Vishnu is called Shree. The word also includes meaning like power, lotus, white sandalwood, clove, a medicine called Ruddhi. Vak means Saraswati. It means the inclusion of music in speech, sentence, words, talking, discussing etc. Literature and art are the two sides of Vak.

Radha I will not probe in detail. If I do so I will have to examine various areas like life in general, different kinds of literature, personality, romance, beauty, language, poetic form, attitude towards women, mater, mood, exhibition of intellect, concept of social gathering and nature. It is a very simple thing. When lord Krishna exhibits his strength and power he says, I am Vishnu in all Aditya, I am Sun in all Jyoti, I am moon in all Nakshatras, I am Samveda in all Vedas, I am Indra among all Gods, I am Shiva among all Rudras, I am Kubera in all Yakshas etc. that is I am one among all. But when it came to women he did not mention only one single name of a woman. He said I am the one who has all virtues in her, I am that woman. There was one woman like this. It was Radha. She was the wife of Sayana Vaishya and his aunt. She was

elder than him. Radha had all virtues in her (the virtues which Krishna had described). But one virtue which has been praised in all Hindu Shastras was absent in Radha and that was Pativrata or loyalty towards the husband. If some attention is given to this thing then we will realize that this virtue was absent in all women who were for some reason or the other close to Lord Krishna. Like for example his wife Rukmini to him he was married by Vedic rituals. Rukmini was engaged to be married with Shishupal but she was lover of Lord Krishna. His aunt Kunti had delivered a son before marriage, so even she did not have the virtues. His sister Draupadi was the wife of five brothers. His sister Subhadra used to love Arjuna before marriage. Krishna had told Arjuna and Subhadra to run away and get married. In this case why would Krishna propagate the virtue of loyalty? He has been with other women in his earlier forms too. He had broken the loyalty of the woman called Vrinda, whom he had converted into a basil plant and then got married to her. He had left saraswati to get Laxmi. Afterwards Brahma had taken Saraswati as her daughter and then later got married to her. In this scenario, Lord Krishna is challenging the basic concept of loyalty. His form Indra himself was with the wife of Gautama-Ahalya. Does it look good when Krishna utters the name of his beloveds on a battlefield? In the form of Vishnu he had 16 virtues. In the form of a human being he was highly respected. How can a person who is so much respected talk about his beloveds? It is further said that Meera was a form of Radha. Meera used to love Krishna and not her husband Rana. In all Hindi scriptures it is said that every human being is a woman, only Parampurush Parmatma is one single man. But Gita does not say so. It says that life or soul is a part of Parampurush.

Now the question is why Krishna did not mention one of the names of women? He could have said that I am Radha among all women. He did not do so because he believed in keeping his love towards Radha a secret and not express it.

It is also possible that this could be written by Vedavyas himself, who is originally the creator of Gita. It has to be accepted then that Vedvyasa had Krishna in mind or may be he was influenced by Krishna. Vedvyasa was also among one of the incarnations of Vishnu. So Vedvyasa and Krishna were one and the same. Another possibility is Krishna did not want to associate the name Radha with any special reference. Because Radha was his personal affair and in Gita he has expressed special personalities only.

It is also quite possible that Radha is not special. Radha was the energy of Lord Krishna, Why should not she be considered as special? He gave preference to Radha in front of Rukmini too. Then I don’t understand why Radha’s name is not to be found in Vibhootiyoga. The name of Radha is not to be found in the Puranas nor in the Mahabharata an also not in the Shrimadbhagvatmahapurana. If the name of radha is not mentioned in these scriptures then how can it be found in Gita when Gita is a part of Mahabharata? I think Radha must have been Lord Krishna’s private affair, where nobody has a right to interfere, not even Vedavyas can exercise this right. The description of Lord Krishna is incomplete without the mention of Radha.

Who is Radha? Sometimes I am compelled to think about one question which is who is Radha? Who was this friend of Lord Krishna who expressed her love towards him openly? Finally I went back to the Vedas where the origin of Sanskrit literature lies. I found 5 hymns in Rigveda and 1 hymn in Atharvaveda, where Radha’s name was mentioned. Vedavyas constructed Mahabharata on the basis of these hymns only.

The meaning of Vedas It has been clearly stated in the Rigveda 6/9/1 that Arjuna and Krishna are the names of the day. In the same way wealth and food are called as Radha. This hymn is the basis of the chapter Vibhootiyoga where Lord Krishna explains about himself, that he is ‘Pimpal’ among all the trees. All the Vibhootiyoga chapters take inspiration from Vedas. The core of Hindu tradition, literature and spirituality is symbol.

Veda contains true literature. Vedas are a treasure from which the literature of universe is created. The hymn in Rigveda 4/16/1 says that Manu, Surya, Kakshivana, Ushana are all substances. Ushana is not human being. Ushana is the name of Shukra, whose path is zig zag. In Vedas this path is called poetry.

In Adi parva (4/99) of Mahabharata it is said that Devayani is the daughter of Ushana. Now there is no doubt about the fact that Ushana is Shukra. The poet has constructed great works like 18 Puranas, Mahabharata and Gita with the help of the Vedic words like sun, rays, rain, food and electricity. The fact is the Mahapurush are doing a great job of social welfare by keeping control over them and creating figures from the illusion. They show to the world different forms and again go back to their normal self. Literature takes its form in this way only. It shows to the world the path of truth. Lord Krishna is always worshipped.

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This site best viewed with IE 5 and above.

The reference of Krishna and Arjuna comes in the Vedas and in Rigveda 6/9/1. It says that both mean the day. In the Shloka the names have been so because of friendship of Krishna and Arjuna. The literature in India will keep on producing the best of books as long as Vedas remain to be source of inspiration for the Vedas. One cannot understand the Hindu religion, the Hindu philosophy if one tries to separate the Puranas and Mahabharatas from the Vedas. The fact is Vedas are the final truth for us. It is impossible to understand Vedic literature without understanding the Vedas.

The three definitions of Vibhootiyoga

I have read many critics of the 10th chapter of Gita and I found all of them satisfactory. The poet or the lyricist has been analysed in it. Every disciple can experince the feeling of being near to God after reading this chapter. In Sanskrit literature there is a definition of poetry defined by the sciences. The arrangement of rhythm and beats was not so free in the Sanskrit language as it is today. The example of this is Gayatri hymn. This is also a form of God. This hymn is for excellent meditators. Reciting this is very beneficial. Gayatri hymn carries lot of meaning and weight in the Vedas. It is called as a form of Brahma. In teacher is Brahma and it is to be found only in this group.

If we consider Krishna to be just a mere human being, we can still worship him because of his virtues. My advocate friend Mr. Uttam Bansal says that Shri Krishna claims to to be the original of all things which find place in the Guiness book of world records. I wish my friend ever made an effort to examine Lord Krishna in the frame of Vedas. To read Gita and to comprehend it is not a small thing.

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 Title : Vedas Gita and Sanskrit Literature Author : Rasik Bihari Manjul

Read In Hindi

http://www.vedpradip.com/articlecontent.php?aid=412&linkid=1&catid=&subcatid=0&vedid=5

The source and inspiration of the whole Sanskrit literature lies in Vedas. There are innumerable literary works in the field of literature in this universe. But amongst them the literary work Gita is one and the only book, which has been translated in every language of this universe. It is also an accepted fact that the Gita is praised by all those who are able to read and write. I strongly believe that in this universe no other creation has been yet created or will ever be created, which can match Gita. I am not praising the Gita here. II start doing that I would have to write a big book on it. It is said that if you have read and studied Gita thoroughly, what will you benefit from other sciences? Gita is the essence of all sciences. Swami Anandgiri is of the opinion that, "One who studies Gita properly and seriously gets what he wishes in life and one who studies Gita with a selfless approach, without any expectations in mind, attains purity of mind and he gets immense satisfaction from it. Gita is not only praised in India but also abroad. Warren Hastings used to say, "The teaching of Gita are invaluable for a society, which wants to achieve the best and reach to a certain level. The most beautiful, mature and excellent critic written on Gita is that of Saint Dnyaneshwar. His thoughts about the Gita are, "Gita is the foundation of all kinds of happiness, it an ocean full of theorems, and also the basis of all kinds of education. After Dnyaneshwara, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak has aptly commented on the same in "Gitarahasya". He writes, "there is no other book in Sanskrit literature which explains the contemporary principles of Hindu religious in a concise yet exact manner. There is no other book in Sanskrit literature, which can be compared with this one. Swami Vivekananda also said that, "Gita is a bouquet of beautiful flowers of spiritual truth, which have been chosen carefully from the Upanishadas.

Mr. Brooks says, "Gita is India’s contribution to the future religion of the world." Bhikshu Akhandananda used to say, "Gita is like an aeroplane which has escaped from the illusory trap thrown by this world and which is soaring high up in the skies of truth. Dr. Mechanical used to say, "In India we find a peculiar mix of Gita, sharp intelligence, excellent conduct and religious enthusiasm." The famous scholar of Germany Mister William von Hombai Ditijo says, "Gita is the most beautiful, perhaps, the only true philosophical song existing in any known tongue." Arvinda Ghosh had himself said that one can achieve fulfillment in life and spiritual enlightenment with Gita. The famous freedom fighter of India, who gave the slogan of ‘vande mataram’ to the country, Bankimchandra Chatopadhyay, always believed that such extraordinary religion, such extraordinary unity is possible only in the Gita. Such an extraordinary definition of religion has not yet been done in any times, by anybody in any country.

To comment on such a diving store of knowledge called Gita is not a very small thing. Gita includes all kinds of knowledge from India. I would like to comment on one shloka from gita, which is the tenth chapter that is 34th shloka from Vibhooti yoga. In this shloka lord Krishna says, "I reside in women in the form of seven virtues, they are: Medha, Kshama, Dhruti, Keerti, Sudhi, Shree and Vak. Let us see what each virtue means. Medha means intellect. This is the basic necessity of being intelligent. People called this as practical knowledge. Forgiveness: it is a state of mind, where one woman tolerates the trouble given to her by another woman, without saying anything and still not having any bad feeling about it. This means letting one go without having any hard feelings in mind. While accepting the mistake one must wish not to repeat the same mistake again and forgive the person. Dhruti means grasping power. Keerti means success, fame. This is something which one gets when he has done some good and noble work, such work, which is remembered even after that person is not there any more. Sudhi means memory. This is the knowledge of things, which are recollected by memory. This is to be found religion, support and day to day activities. Remembering some past reference which had been forgotten, remembering things about the dear ones again and again is called memory. The simple meaning of ‘Shree’ is beauty, attraction, wealth, richness and growth. This means glaze, and also an ornament called Bindi to be worn by woman on their forehead. An auspicious vein in the foot is also called Shree. This is a word of respect which is used before names of a raga belonging to ‘Shadava’ group, which is sung at the time of sunset. So the wife of Vishnu is called Shree. The word also includes meaning like power, lotus, white sandalwood, clove, a medicine called Ruddhi. Vak means Saraswati. It means the inclusion of music in speech, sentence, words, talking, discussing etc. Literature and art are the two sides of Vak.

Radha I will not probe in detail. If I do so I will have to examine various areas like life in general, different kinds of literature, personality, romance, beauty, language, poetic form, attitude towards women, mater, mood, exhibition of intellect, concept of social gathering and nature. It is a very simple thing. When lord Krishna exhibits his strength and power he says, I am Vishnu in all Aditya, I am Sun in all Jyoti, I am moon in all Nakshatras, I am Samveda in all Vedas, I am Indra among all Gods, I am Shiva among all Rudras, I am Kubera in all Yakshas etc. that is I am one among all. But when it came to women he did not mention only one single name of a woman. He said I am the one who has all virtues in her, I am that woman. There was one woman like this. It was Radha. She was the wife of Sayana Vaishya and his aunt. She was

elder than him. Radha had all virtues in her (the virtues which Krishna had described). But one virtue which has been praised in all Hindu Shastras was absent in Radha and that was Pativrata or loyalty towards the husband. If some attention is given to this thing then we will realize that this virtue was absent in all women who were for some reason or the other close to Lord Krishna. Like for example his wife Rukmini to him he was married by Vedic rituals. Rukmini was engaged to be married with Shishupal but she was lover of Lord Krishna. His aunt Kunti had delivered a son before marriage, so even she did not have the virtues. His sister Draupadi was the wife of five brothers. His sister Subhadra used to love Arjuna before marriage. Krishna had told Arjuna and Subhadra to run away and get married. In this case why would Krishna propagate the virtue of loyalty? He has been with other women in his earlier forms too. He had broken the loyalty of the woman called Vrinda, whom he had converted into a basil plant and then got married to her. He had left saraswati to get Laxmi. Afterwards Brahma had taken Saraswati as her daughter and then later got married to her. In this scenario, Lord Krishna is challenging the basic concept of loyalty. His form Indra himself was with the wife of Gautama-Ahalya. Does it look good when Krishna utters the name of his beloveds on a battlefield? In the form of Vishnu he had 16 virtues. In the form of a human being he was highly respected. How can a person who is so much respected talk about his beloveds? It is further said that Meera was a form of Radha. Meera used to love Krishna and not her husband Rana. In all Hindi scriptures it is said that every human being is a woman, only Parampurush Parmatma is one single man. But Gita does not say so. It says that life or soul is a part of Parampurush.

Now the question is why Krishna did not mention one of the names of women? He could have said that I am Radha among all women. He did not do so because he believed in keeping his love towards Radha a secret and not express it.

It is also possible that this could be written by Vedavyas himself, who is originally the creator of Gita. It has to be accepted then that Vedvyasa had Krishna in mind or may be he was influenced by Krishna. Vedvyasa was also among one of the incarnations of Vishnu. So Vedvyasa and Krishna were one and the same. Another possibility is Krishna did not want to associate the name Radha with any special reference. Because Radha was his personal affair and in Gita he has expressed special personalities only.

It is also quite possible that Radha is not special. Radha was the energy of Lord Krishna, Why should not she be considered as special? He gave preference to Radha in front of Rukmini too. Then I don’t understand why Radha’s name is not to be found in Vibhootiyoga. The name of Radha is not to be found in the Puranas nor in the Mahabharata an also not in the Shrimadbhagvatmahapurana. If the name of radha is not mentioned in these scriptures then how can it be found in Gita when Gita is a part of Mahabharata? I think Radha must have been Lord Krishna’s private affair, where nobody has a right to interfere, not even Vedavyas can exercise this right. The description of Lord Krishna is incomplete without the mention of Radha.

Who is Radha? Sometimes I am compelled to think about one question which is who is Radha? Who was this friend of Lord Krishna who expressed her love towards him openly? Finally I went back to the Vedas where the origin of Sanskrit literature lies. I found 5 hymns in Rigveda and 1 hymn in Atharvaveda, where Radha’s name was mentioned. Vedavyas constructed Mahabharata on the basis of these hymns only.

The meaning of Vedas It has been clearly stated in the Rigveda 6/9/1 that Arjuna and Krishna are the names of the day. In the same way wealth and food are called as Radha. This hymn is the basis of the chapter Vibhootiyoga where Lord Krishna explains about himself, that he is ‘Pimpal’ among all the trees. All the Vibhootiyoga chapters take inspiration from Vedas. The core of Hindu tradition, literature and spirituality is symbol.

Veda contains true literature. Vedas are a treasure from which the literature of universe is created. The hymn in Rigveda 4/16/1 says that Manu, Surya, Kakshivana, Ushana are all substances. Ushana is not human being. Ushana is the name of Shukra, whose path is zig zag. In Vedas this path is called poetry.

In Adi parva (4/99) of Mahabharata it is said that Devayani is the daughter of Ushana. Now there is no doubt about the fact that Ushana is Shukra. The poet has constructed great works like 18 Puranas, Mahabharata and Gita with the help of the Vedic words like sun, rays, rain, food and electricity. The fact is the Mahapurush are doing a great job of social welfare by keeping control over them and creating figures from the illusion. They show to the world different forms and again go back to their normal self. Literature takes its form in this way only. It shows to the world the path of truth. Lord Krishna is always worshipped.

Site designed, developed, hosted & maintained by Rasbihari Enterprises Ltd.
This site best viewed with IE 5 and above.

The reference of Krishna and Arjuna comes in the Vedas and in Rigveda 6/9/1. It says that both mean the day. In the Shloka the names have been so because of friendship of Krishna and Arjuna. The literature in India will keep on producing the best of books as long as Vedas remain to be source of inspiration for the Vedas. One cannot understand the Hindu religion, the Hindu philosophy if one tries to separate the Puranas and Mahabharatas from the Vedas. The fact is Vedas are the final truth for us. It is impossible to understand Vedic literature without understanding the Vedas.

The three definitions of Vibhootiyoga

I have read many critics of the 10th chapter of Gita and I found all of them satisfactory. The poet or the lyricist has been analysed in it. Every disciple can experince the feeling of being near to God after reading this chapter. In Sanskrit literature there is a definition of poetry defined by the sciences. The arrangement of rhythm and beats was not so free in the Sanskrit language as it is today. The example of this is Gayatri hymn. This is also a form of God. This hymn is for excellent meditators. Reciting this is very beneficial. Gayatri hymn carries lot of meaning and weight in the Vedas. It is called as a form of Brahma. In teacher is Brahma and it is to be found only in this group.

If we consider Krishna to be just a mere human being, we can still worship him because of his virtues. My advocate friend Mr. Uttam Bansal says that Shri Krishna claims to to be the original of all things which find place in the Guiness book of world records. I wish my friend ever made an effort to examine Lord Krishna in the frame of Vedas. To read Gita and to comprehend it is not a small thing.

Tag Names : Ved
Other articles of this author :
1 Why are Vedas so intricate complicated
2 Supernatural Literature
3 There is Idol worship in Vedas
4 IS THE SECRET OF SHRI KRISHNAS RAASLEELA HIDDEN IN THE VEDS
5 SECRET OF YAGNYA ACCORDING TO GEETA
6 MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS DANCE AND MUSIC IN RIGVEDA
7 Credit and Inspiration of the Vedas
8 THREE ANCIENT EXPONENTS OF WORLD LITERATURE BRAHMA CHITRAGUPT AND VEDVYAS
9 WHY DO WE PRAY
10 The Vedas are the Real Religion
11 Vedon ka Jaykara geet
12 How Ancient Are The Vedas A
13 Ved Upved Or Vedangoka laksharth
14 Vaidic Sahitya Me Vastu Vidya Varnan Hi Varnan
15 Hum Prarthana Qu Karte He
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