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It is believed that all the knowledge of Vedic period available in India has its origin and growth in the six subordinate branches of the Vedas. It was believed that the question of science existing in the Vedic times did not arise, as science does not dwell where spiritual knowledge has a very strong hold. It was thus an imagination that if the people of those times were distracted from their search for the eternal truth by indulging them in thinking about the other aspects of science, then it would be a great loss. But this belief is falsified today. It has been proved today that science and spiritual knowledge can co-exist are not harmful to each other, they are in fact good complimentary subjects. It is a general observation that in every period of time, in every country people have an inclination and interest for a particular subject for a particular reason.

The ancient Hindus used to be busy more or less with religion and rituals. So it does not seem unnatural that the knowledge related to other aspects and subjects of life remained associated with religion and its nearby area. As time passed by all branches of science forgot their basic motive and surpassing them each branch of science went on further to develop and expand on its own. There is doubt about the fact that in that latter part of the Vedic times a new though process was to be seen. A tale in the ‘Chandogya Upanishada (7,1,2,4) is an evidence to this. There was no conflict between spiritual knowledge and science. The tale is as follows – Once Narada went to Sage Sanat kumar and requested him for the reading of theology taught in the Upanishadas. Sanatkumar asked Narada, what he had read in the past and what knowledge was remaining to be acquired now. Narada told him about all that he had already read. This list includes astrology and mathematics too. This is a proof to say that the knowledge of mathematics or any other conventional knowledge was not an obstruction in the spiritual knowledge. In fact conventional knowledge was in those times supposed to be a supporter of spiritual knowledge (Mundakopanishada 1,1,3-5).

The literal meaning of Mathematics: "Mathematics" is a science which gives importance to counting. This word is very ancient and is found frequently in Vedic literature. The scriptures called ‘Vedang-Jyotisha’ give utmost importance to Mathematics in the field of Vedic science. Mathematics has its highest level of importance in the Vedic sciences just as the crests are important for a peacock.
Since ancient times the counting has its base in the decimal system. Many examples can be found in the Rigveda. In fact there was no evidences to suggest the base of decimal system to be other than ten in the Sanskrit literature. In Yajurveda Samhita (Vajasneyi) (16,2) can be found a list of definitions.

Many scholars believe that the art of writing existed in India since Vedic times. Vashishta-Dharmasutra, which were included in one of the branches of Rigveda, gives us evidence that the writing process existed the Vedic times and numbers were also found in the same. The documents written by Vashishtha (16,10,14-15) have been taken as proper evidence and the first Sutra contained in it as an example of some other ancient or traditional knowledge. The following example is from Rigveda (10,62,7) in which there is mention of writing the number 8, it says, "Bring to me all such cows in whose ears number eight is written. In ancient in India the custom of writing the respective number in cows ears was followed so that the owner recognizes his own cow. In a reference in Rigveda (10,34) a gambler is crying and cursing his own fate. He says "I have lost my precious wife by putting my stake on number one". The ‘One’ here means the number one printed on the dice.

It’s a matter of great research to understand the scope of Vedic Mathematics, the form of it during the Vedic period. Many a research scholars from government as well as non-government organizations and also many mathematicians are directly involved in the research process of Vedic mathematics. Due credit must be given to Brahmalin Shankaracharya of Puri who has done a remarkable contribution in interpreting the sixteen principles of Vedic mathematics.
The National Science Technical Institute and the Learning Development Department have found out after extensive research that the working of the computer can be understood easily and can become very fast with the use of Vedic mathematics. The National Vedic Education Trust is going to bring out a book which will prove to be very helpful to the engineers. The Institute of Maharshi Vedic Science and Technology is contributing a lot to the promotion of Vedic mathematics. Dr. Santkumar Kapoor is a visiting professor in this Institute and he also agrees to Shankaracharya that Vedic mathematics is restricted to the 16 principles. Dr. Kapoor goes on further to say that Vedic mathematics is vast and complete. The Vedic knowledge and Vedic mathematics are based on solid mathematical theorems. On the basis of Maharshi Ved Vidnyan, Dr. Kapoor has proved that there exists one more amplitude in addition to country, time and boundaries in geometry.

Dr. Santkumar Kapoor is the first person for Kurukshetra University to do doctoral work in Vedic mathematics. He has proved in his research work a three hundred and fifty year old "Fermet" statement. On the basis of tale from the Jabali Upanishadas he has explained the terms "Shadanan" and "Eeshaan" mathematically. In this story Sage Paishpaladi asks many questions to Jabali like what are principles, what is life, what are animals, who is God, how is knowledge acquired, etc. In answer to all these questions Sage Jabali answers "I will give you all the answers in the form which you desire". Paishpaladi asked again, "How did you acquire all this knowledge? Sage Jabali answered, "On the basis of Eeshaan". Paishpaladi again asked how he knew Eeshaan and Jabali answered "through worship".

Dr. Sant Kumar Kapoor has discussed the above said maxims mathematically. The basic emphasis of Vedic mathematics is in "Aum". Dr. Kapoor has explained the concepts "Chadanan" and "Eeshaan" in detail mathematically.

Government is also paying attention to Vedic mathematics. The University Grants Commission is thinking of doing research work on Vedic mathematics. The government should bring about a communication and dialogue between all the Institutes and mathematicians who are separately pursuing research work in the filed of Vedic mathematic.

Tag Names : Rugveda,Ved
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