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 Title : The Vedic principles of Ravindranath Aspect Author : Dr.Mangilal Mishra

Out of the philosophical dignitaries who understood modern India, Ravindranath was unique among all of them. The non-violence aspect propagated by Ravindranath like Mahatma Gandhi became a theoretical weapon to be used in politics.

The vedic sages, great thinkers and the wise believe that a true poet is one who is wise, whose mind is enlightened by the true light of thought and words. So he is a visionary and audience of truth. The poet of the vedas is not a producer of some magical lines for the strong, like the westerners have wrongly interpreted it. But in fact this poet is the singer of the life’s and the nature’s highest, secret and ultimate truth. He bears a speech which is the divine knowledge. His words are those which reveal their whole conclusion only in front of a sage. So it is said in the Rigveda :

Preface after preface are spoken. Covers after covers of books of knowledge are printed for the awakening of knowledge. He sees everything in a complete form in his mothers lap. They are calling Him. After gaining vast knowledge they protect the strength with true feelings. He increases the brilliant strength of the son of the mother and father born on this earth. There is Gold in his neck. There is lot of strength in his speech. It seems he is wishing for this life with the help of nectar. He is loving and desirable like milk. He is a single object and he is knowledgeable with the company of two. He is like the heat, which is the core of the earth. He is unconquerable and the winner of many. Hey beam of light, appear before us !

Because of the complexity of experiences the aspect of vedic rishis is complicated and far different from others. Still this is the beginning of one form of nature, which is a philosophical experience and a poetic expression of symbolic or figurative imagination. This aspect is repeatedly seen in the indian books, principles and rhetoric used by Vaishnav poets and even in the modern poets writing like Ravindranath Tagore.

The poet Thakur has done manifestations of philosophical and innermost knowledge of experience, but this is not complete or not in a mysterious language of metaphysical thoughts. A poet like Thakur can not do so also because he is a metaphysical poet and he does not put forth his simple thoughts only but he has to give a complete form to his deep and true experience of life as a whole. He has to express it and he also has to express the meaning of the whole world surrounding him, he has to write those philosophical and internal experiences. He applies the simple and external life of human being or uses the symbols found in nature.

This is the Vedic background of poet Thakur, which we can clearly see reflected in his poetic work. His every single song or poem reflects the ideals of vedic poets and shows aspects like thinking and consideration. The emotion of one of his poem ‘Divya Swatantrya’ is thus : Where you hold your head high, your attention is also held high, where knowledge is open, where people are not severed by closed thoughts, where the speech arises from the depth of truth, where the non-stop work is yearning towards completion, where the thoughts do not linger in the old and dry background. But where my mind is always on the expansion path by taking inspiration from you, hey Father, my country should wake up and become the paradise of that divine freedom. Just think, how deep is the emotion with which Ravindranath has expressed it. I am experiencing a feeling that as if at the bottom of his heart there is a flow of truth with vedic aspects which is exploding from within and coming out in this ‘Kaliyuga’. In the ancient times once the flow of knowledge burst out from the speech of sage Mareech.
Hey divine nectar, you always reside at the holy feet of Lord Indra and give me an immortal place there, where happiness and satisfaction are always present. There is so much similarity in the feelings of poet Thakur and sage Kashyap. Kashyap and Ravindra always wanted to remain in a happy and vast paradise of life and never wanted to live in a devastated life.
After reading the last lines of the poem ‘Divya Swatantrya’ I feel that Revindranath has reiterated the vedic feelings only.

One who is himself very happy, because of that happiness only this universe was created, that happiness is the true nature of that completeness. In this way this universe cannot be unstable, but it also goes through an everlasting cycle. So it is said in the Upanishadas :

Ravindranath has also said that : "Your happiness depends on me, you have come down to meet me, in God lie my love, where else could it lie?"

In one of his poems addressed to earth which has a connection with the Prithvisukta in Atharvaveda or the Vedic song about the homeland. The poet says : O mother earth, I wish that I should offer myself to you and like the cheerfulness of the spring season I should merge in you. I wish to come out from the cage of my own body and to come out of its closed walls and I wish to destroy the stones. I want to be free. I want to express myself freely just like the dancing, jumping, swinging, raring waves.

In this poem we find the beautiful description and praise of nature, the secret of life and the creation is at its highest. In the same way Ravindra has said elsewhere about the finding of the only medium to understand life that : At the end of our life we have to know and experience this fact that, we are surrounded from all four sides by Brahma.

The aspect of life and its search is a vedic tradition and has been going on since ancient times consistently. Ravindra also belongs to the same wave.

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