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 Title : Smarniya Tathya Author : Manohar Vidyalankar

¼1½ u lkse bUnzelqrks eekn ukczãk.kks e/kokua lqrkl%A

rLek mDFka tu;s ;Ttqtks"kUu`oUuoh;% 'k`.kon~;Fkku%AA _d~ 1&26&1

_f"k%& eS=ko:f.koZfl"B%A nsork&bUnz%A NUn%&f="Vqi~A

¼vlqr% lkse% bUnzau eekn½ iq= jfgr ,s'o;Z ¼oh;Z½ ftrsfUnz; rFkk /kuh dks izlUu ugha dj ikrk gSA ¼nwljh vksj ¼lqrkl%½ cgqr ls iq= gksa] fdUrq os ¼vczã.kk%½ vKkuh o ew[kZ gksa rks os Hkh

¼e/kokuau½ lqiFk ls dek, /ku lEiUu dks izlUu ugha dj ikrsA ,Sls ¼rLeS½ O;fDr ds fy, ge ¼uoh;%mDFka tu;s½ uohu mins'k nsrs gSa ¼;Fkk½ rkfd og ¼u%'k`.kor~½ gekjs opuksa dks J)kyq iq:"k dh rjg lqus] vkSj ¼;r~ tqtks"kr~½ ftldk izhfriwoZd J)k ls lsou djsA og mins'k D;k gS\

eS=ko:f.k ofl"B _f"k ds vFkZ&izk.k lk/kuk }kjk bfUnz;ksa dks o'k esa djus dk iz;Ru djs] vkSj f="Vqi~ ds vFkZ dke dzks/k yksHk ds f=d dk vojks/k djs vkSj lUrks"k] iz;Ru vkSj foxr thou dks Lej.k ds f=d vius vUnj c<+k, rks mls fo}ku~ iq= izkIr gksxkA blh ladsr esa fn;s mins'k dks vxys ea= esa Li"V djrs gSaA

¼2½ mDFks mDFks lkse bUnza eekn uhFks uhFks e/kokua lqrkl%A

;nha l ck/k%firja u iq=k lekun{kk vols goUrsAA _d~ 1&26&2

¼mDFks mDFks lkse% bUnza eekn½ izR;sd mins'k dk lsou] vFkkZr mlds lkFk oh;Zo/kZd lksekfn vks"kf/k;ksa dk lsou mlesa oh;Z o/kZu djsxk] ifj.kker% ¼uhFks uhFks½ mlds lE;d O;ogkj ls ¼L;qrkl% mRiUu vkSj iksf"kr gq, iq= mls ,s'o;Z :i esa lUrks"k o izlkn /ku ls ;qDr ¼e /kokua½ /kuh cuk nsaxsA ;fn ;s fir`HkDr iq=& vkSj ¼lck/k%firj iq=ku½ fdlh Hkh ck/kk ls ihfM+r firk dks iq=ksa dh rjg] ¼lekun{kk%½ firk ds leku cypkrq;Z lEiUu cus gq, ¼vols goUrs½ firk dks lgk;rk nsdj r`Ir djus ds fy, iqdkjrs gSaA

goUrs& gqnkuknu;ks%] osns r`IrkSp laLd`r /kkrq dks"kA

fu"d"kZ%& ,s'o;Z 'kkyh firk rHkh iw.kZ :i ls izlUurk vkSj r`fIr vuqHko djrk gs] tc mlds O;olk; esa Hkh iq= n{krk iwoZd mldk lg;ksx djrs gSaA

ofl"B vkSj bUnz ds laokn eU=

_f"k%& eS=ko:f.koZfl"Bk%A nsork& bUnz%A

¼3½ jk;Ldkeks otzgLra lqnf{k.ka iq=ks u firja gqosAA _d~ 1&32&3

izk.k lk/kuk }kjk ftrsfUnz; cuus dh dkeuk okyk eSa ¼jk;Ldke%½ /ku dh dkeuk mRiUu gksus ij ¼iq=%ufirje~½ tSls iq= firk dks cqykrk gS oSls gh ¼otzgLre lqnf{k.ke~½ oztz?kkjh rFkk mRre nf{k.kk nsus okys vkidks ¼gqos½ ;kn djrk gwa iqdkjrk gwa vkSj cqykrk gawA

bl iqdkj dks lqudj otz/kkjh bUnz mRrj nsrs gSa&& lkekU; :i ls

¼4½ ek lzs/kr lksfeuks n{krk egs d`.kq/oa jk; vkrqtsA

rjftjhTt;fr {ksfr iq";fr u nsokl% doRuosAA _d~ 1&32&9

¼lksfeu%½ /ku dkeh iq:"kks! ¼vkrqts egs jk;s½ cy dkjd izHkwr /ku dh izkfIr ds fy, ¼d`.kq/oe~½ [kqc iz;Ru djks vkSj ¼n{kr½ vkS"kf/k] izk.k lk/kuk vkSj O;k;kekfn }kjk cyoku~ cuksA ;g lnk Lej.k j[kuk ¼rjf.k%br~ t;fr½ iq:"kkFkhZ O;fDr gh lQy gksrk gS ¼{k;fr½ lq[k iwoZd fuokl djrk gS] vkSj ¼iq";fr½ â"V iq"V jgrk gSA ¼nsokl%½ letnkj yksx- ¼doRuos½ dqfRlr ;k LoYi iz;Ru djds dsoy izkFkZuk djus okys dh ¼u½ lgk;rk ugha djrsA

bl ij lk/kd iqu% vius iz;Ru ds lkFk bUnz dh ;kpuk djrk gS&&&

¼5½ ¿dÀ e/kksu% o`=gR;s"kq pksn; ;s nnfr fiz;k olqA

ro iz.khrh g;Z'o lwfjfHkfoZ'ok rjse nqfjrkAA _d~ 1&32&15

¼o`=gR;s"kq½ cká 'k=qvksa vkSj vkUrfjd Kku ij vkoj.k Mkyus okyh oklukvksa ds fouk'k ds fufeRr ¼;s fiz;k olq nnfr½ tks vius fiz;& Kku]cy]vUu] /ku vkfndk nku djrs gSa] ¼e/kksu%½ mUgha /kfu;ks dks] gs ¼g;Z'o½ nq%[k gj.k vkSj 'kfDr izn izHkks! vki ¼izsj;½ izsj.kk nhft;s] fd os ¼ro iz.khrh½ vki dh laj{kk esa pyus okys ¼lqfjfHk%½ fo}kuks dh lgk;rk ls ge ¼fo'ok nqfjrk rjse½ lc nqxqZ.kksa ls ikj gks tk,a

¼[k½ ijk.kqnLo e/koUufe=ku~Rlqosnks uks olw d`f/kA

vLekda cks/;fork egk/kus Hkok o`/k% ljohuke~AA _d~ 1&32&25

gs ¼e/kou~½ ifo= /kuksa ds Lokfeu~! ¼vfe=ku~ ijk.kq nLo½ gekjs 'k=qvksa dks nwj Hkxkns ¼u% lqosnk olq d`f/k½ gesa mRRke Kku ¼le>½ nsus okyk /ku ns ¼vLekda l[khuka egk/kus vfork cksf/k½ ge vius fe=ksa dk e`R;q ds egklaxzke esa j{kd cu vkSj ¼o`/k%Hko½ vUr rd mRlkfgr ,o fujk'k er gksus nsA

¼6½ ek uks vKkrk o`tuk nqjk/;ks ekf'koklks vod`eq%A

Ro;k o;a izor% 'k'orhLiks∙fr 'kwj rjkeflAA _d~ 1&32&21

_f"k%& ofl"B% 'kfDrokZA nsork&bUnz%A NUn%&c`grh

gs ¼'kwj½ fuHkZ; izHkksFkk jktu~A ¼u%½ ge ij ¼vKkrk%½ vutkus] fNidj ¼nqjk/;%½ eqf'dy ls dkcw esa vkus okys ¼vf'kokl%½ gesa nq%[k igqpkus okys ¼o`tuk%½ nq"V vkradh ¼ek vodzeq%½ vkdze.k u dj ika,A Ro;k rsjh O;oLFkk vkSj lgk;rk ls ¼o;e~½ ge bu n`"V jk{klksa dks mlh rjg ¼rjkefl½ ijkikys] tSls ¼'k'orh%izor%vi%½ lnk ls uhsps dh vkSj izokfgr gksus okys tyksa ¼unh ukyksa½ dks ikjdj ysrs gSaA

fu"d"kZ%& vkradokfn;ksa ls eqdkcys eas ikj ikus ds fy, jktdh; O;oLFkk vkSj vkRe fo'okl ijeko';d gSasA ;tqosZn ds f'ko ladYi lwDr esa eu dks viwoZ;{k ¼vkjk/;½] Kku] psruk] /kS;Z vkSj ekxZ n'kZd T;ksfr dk /krkZ] lIr_f"k;ksa okys ;{k dk eq[; gksrk vkSj âRizfr"B] vftj vkSj tfo"B dgk x;k gSA

¼7½ l ok uks nso% lfork lgkok ∙∙ lkfo"kn~ olqifroZlwfuA

foJ;ek.kks vefreq:ph erZHkkstue/k jklrs u%AA _d~ 1&45&3

_f"k%& eS=ko:f.koZfl"B%A nsork&lforkA NUn%&f="Vqi~A

¼l% lfork /kk½ og m"kk iwoZ dk lfork fuf'pr :ils ¼lgkok½ viuk lsou djus okyksa dk j{kd vkSj o/kZd gS ¼olqifr%½ thou ds fy, vko';d lHkh oLrqvks /kuksa dk Lokeh gksus ls ¼olwfu lkfo"kr~½ vko';d inkFkkZsa ¼foVkfeUl½ dks nsrk gSA og ¼m:ph vefra foJ;ek.k% vR;Ur foLr`r jksxfuokjd 'kfDr dks vius vkJ; esa j[krk gqvk ¼u%½ gesa ¼erZ Hkkstua jklrs½ euq"; ds fy, vfuok;Z Hkksx 'kfDr;ksa dks iznku djrk gSA

vFkZ&iks"k.k&lgkok& lglscekuku~ vofrA olq%&]euq";s] iz'kL;s] vXukS] olq/kus ¼oLrqfu½A vefre~&:ie~ fu- 3&1- vejksxs&frd~ xrkS frDuksfr pky py ds ekjus dk iz;Ru djuk ¼laLd`r /kkrq dks'k½

vefr%& vkfnR;s] uk-182] LokRefoKkus fu-4&3] fgalk;ke~ dkSRlfu-

fu"d"kZ%& bu eU=ksa dk laf{kRilkj ;g gS fd& ¼1½ euq"; lfork dky esa mBdj fuR; deZ esa izo`Rr gks ¼2½ izk.klk/kuk vkSj lw;Z lsou ls oh;Zoku~ cu dj mRre lUrku mRiUu djs ¼3½ eu dh vikj 'kfDr dks tkudj vkRefo'okl ls Hkjdj] vius y{; dks iwjk djus ds fy, ¼4½ vius osxoku vkSj 'kfDr 'kkyh eu dks ,dkxz djuk lh[ks ¼5½ lc 'kfDr;k fodflr gksaxh] lc bPNk, iw.kZ gksaxh

_Xosn lRiee.My ds dqN Lej.kh; in ;k ikn;k v/kZ

¼1½ ;s lqdzro%'kqp;ks f/k;a/kk%LonfUr nsok mHk;kfu gO;kA _d~ 1&2&2

¼;s nsok%½ tks fo}ku~ ¼lqdzro%½ mRre ladYi okys ¼'kqp;%½ ifo= vkpj.k okys

¼f/k;a /kk%½ deksZa dks cqf)iwoZd djrs gSa] os ¼mHk;kfu gO;k LonfUr½ 'kjhj vkSj eu nksuksa ds fy, fgrdj inkFkksZ dks Lokn iwoZd [kkrs gSaA

fu"d"kZ& 'kqHkladYih vkSj ifo= tuksa dh Le`fr] ijyksd xkeh gksus ds ckn Hkh vkuUn nsrh gS

¼2½ Lokgk nsok ve`rk ekn;Urke~~A _d~ 1&2&11

¼Lokgk½ vius dFku ds vuqlkj lRdeZ djus okys fo}ku ¼nsok%½ fnO;tu ¼ve`rk%½ nh?kZthoh gksdj ¼ekn;Urke~½ vkufUnr gksa&gksrs gSaA vkSj fpjdky rd ;kn fd;s tkrs gSaA

Lokeh n;kuUn us vFkZ fd;k gS& mijksDrxq.kksaokys eks{kdks izkIr djrs gSaA

fu"d"kZ%& fnO;xq.khtu ;fn LokFkZ dks R;kx nsa] rks vuUr dky rd iztk;sa thfor jgrh gSaA

¼3½ l nsork olqofua n/kkfr ;a lwfjjFkhZ i`PNeku ,frA _d~ 1&1&23 ¼lwfj%vFkhZ i`PNeku% ;a ,fr½

fo}ku~ ;kpd cu dj&irk iwNrs gq, ftl ds ikl vkrk gS ¼l% nsork½ ,slk O;fDr gh nsork cu tkrk gS] D;ksafd og izkFkhZ cudj vk, euq"; dks ¼olqofua n/kkfr½ thou ds fy, vko';d lc oLrqvksa dks izkIr djkus okyk /ku iznku djrk gSA

fu"d"kZ%& ftl ds fo}ku~ Hkh fu%ladksp izkFkhZ curs gS] og euq"; ugha nsork gSA

¼4½ fo'kke/kkf; fo'ifrnqZjks.ks ∙ fXueZUnzks e/kqopk _rkokA _d~ 1&1&4

¼eUnz%½ vkuUnizn ¼e/kqopk½ e/kqj Hkk"kh ¼_rkok½ lR; lsoh ¼vfXu%½ usrk gh ¼nqjks.ks½ laln ~x`g esa ¼fo'kkafo'ifr% v/kkf;½ iztkvksa dk vf/kifr fu/kkZfjr fd;k tkrk gSA

fu"d"kZ%& usrk cuus ds fy, e/kqj Hkk"kh vkSj lR; dk lkxzg lsou t:jh gS

¼5½ u nq"Vqrh eR;ksZ foUnrs olqA _d~ 1&32&21

cnuke euq"; dks dksbZ vius ikl clkuk ugha pkgrkA

¼6½ L;ksu'kh jfrfFk%lqizhrks fo'ks nkfr ok;Ze~AA _d~ 1&42&4

¼L;ksu'kh%vfrfFk%½ x`gLFk ds ?kj esa ,djkr Hkh lq[k iwoZd [ [kksus okyk vfrfFk ¼fo'ks ok;Za nkfr½ x`gLFk iztk dks oj.kh; lykg ns tkrk gSA

¼7½ _rkok foizks eUekfu nh?kZJqfn;frZA _`d~ 1&61&2

¼_rkok½ 'kk"or fu;eksa dk ikyu djus okyk fo}ku~ gh ¼nh?kZJqr~½ nh?kZ dky rd xq:vksa vkSj lUr iq:"kksa ds mins'kksa dks Jo.k djus ds ckn ¼eUekfu½ euu }kjk vius thou ds fy, eUrO;ksa dks izkIr djrk gS& fu/kkZj.k djus esa leFkZ gksrk gSA

¼8½ ek rs euks fo"onz;x~ fopkjhr~A _d~ 1&25&1

gs ekuo! rw tc Hkh dke djs&rsjkeu mlh esa jek jgs] ¼rs eu%½ rsjk eu ¼fo'onz;x~½ Hkwr Hkfo"; ds fopkjksa esa ¼ek fopkjhr~½ u fopjsA ;fn b/kj m/kj tkrk jgsxk rks rsjs eu dh bPNk iqjh ugha gksxhA blh ckr dks vFkoZ osn ds 19&4&2 esa lk/kd dh vksj ls o.kZu nsf[k;s&&&&&

;kek'kkesfe dsoyh lk es vLrq fons;esuka eufl izfo"Vke~A

eSa tc tks bPNk d:a] dsoy mlh dk /;ku d:a] ;fn dsoy ;gh ,dek= bPNk esjs eu esa jgsxh] rks ¼,suka fons;e~½ bls vo'; izkIr dj ywaxkA

fu"d"kZ%& fdlh Hkh bPNk ;k dke dks iw.kZ ;k lQy djus ds fy, ,dkxzrk t:jh gSA

¼9½ vLekde| e:r% lqrs lpk fo'os ficUrq dkfeu%A _d~ 1&59&3

¼v|½ vkt ls vFkkZr~ vc ¼vLekda fo'os dkfeu% e:r%½ ge esa ls lHkh izk.k lk/kuk }kjk viuh dkeuk iw.kZ djusokys euq";ksa dks mfpr gS fd os ¼lpk½ feydj ¼lqrs½ oh;Z vksj Kkudk ¼ficUrq½ iku djsaA

Lokeh n;kuUn us bl eU= ds HkkokFkZ fuEu 'kCn fy[ks gSa&&&

gs euq";k% ;fn ;w;fePNkflf}a fpdh"ksZ;qLrfgZ ;qDrkgkjfogkja czãp;Za dq:rA

euq";ks! ;fn rqe bPNkflf) pkgrs gks rks ;qDrkgkj fogkj vkSj czãp;Z ikyu djksA

lIRke e.My dk cgqpfpZr vfUre eU=-

+«;Ecda ;tkegs lqxfZU/k iqf"Vo/kZue~A mokZ:dfeo cU/kukUe`R;kseqZ{kh; eke`rkr~AA

_f"k%& ofl"B%A nsork&:nz%A NUn%&vuq"Vqi~A _d~ 1&59&12

ge ¼«;Ecda ;tkegs½ Kku] deZ HkfDr ds mins'k] rhuksa yksdks ds ifr rFkk fu;U=.k :nz dh vpZuk djrs gS& mls vius lkFk laxr djrs gSaA ¼lqxfU/ka iqf"Vo/kZue~½ viuh xU/k ds lEcU/k ls iq"V djus okys ds izfr ¼;tkegs½ vkReleiZu djrs gSaA ofl"B&ftrsfUnz; cudj izkFkZuk djrk fd ¼e`R;ks% cU/kukr~ eq{kh;½ esjh vk;q iw.kZ gksus ij] ej.k /kekZ 'kjhj ds cU/ku ls ,sls eqDr dj nks] tSls ¼mokZ:dfeo½ ifjiDo ddM+h [khjk [kjcqtk vkfn Lo;a cy ls i`Fkd gks tkrk gS ¼ek ve`rkr~½ fdUrq nh?kZthou ls vFkok thou&ej.k ds pdz dh eqfDr ls er NqM+kb;sA Lokeh n;kuUn dk HkkokFkZ&vLdkdeh'oj ,oksikL;ks∙fLr;L;ksiklukRiqf"V&

o`Zf)%dhfrZeksZ{k'p izkIuksfr] e`R;qHk;apu';fr] ra fogk;kU;L;ksikluka dnkfi udq;kZeA gs euq";ks! gekjk dsoy bZ'oj gh mikluh; gSA ge mlds vfrfjDr fdlh dh mikluk u djsaA D;ksa fd mldh mikluk ls gh iqf"V o`f) dhfrZ vkSj eqfDr izkIr gksrh gS] vkSj e`R;q Hk; u"V gksrk gSA

Jh- euksgj fo|kyadkj

c/o Jh- ';kelqUnj jk/ks';ke

522- dVjk bZ'oj Hkou

[kkjh ckoyh &fnYyh&6

Tag Names : Rugveda,Ved
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