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 Title : Veds and Globalization Author : Dr S.J. Diwakar

It is often said that The Vedas are four books named Rigved , YajurVed, Samved and AtharvaVed but not everything mentioned in these books is true or factual in every sense. Veds are the highly sacred knowledge of the extramaterial world that was imparted by the Supreme Soul to the Soul, i.e. , the mankind in the form of Rishis and ascetics since prehistoric times, when they contemplated for years and which was spread further by the through the process of speaking and listening, which is why it is called “Shruti-Smruti”.

This knowledge teaches three things : actual knowledge, duty and worship. Thus , it is called “Trayi Vidya.” For the same reason, the Vedas,�� despite being four in number , are also called ‘Ved Trayi’ . This knowledge was collected in these four Books, because Lord Brahma who was the originator of it, had faces , and He is supposed to have told it through these four mouths.

The word Ved is derived from the Sanskrit verb ‘Vid’. The Latin verb ‘Vedere’ is synonymous� to it, while in English , the world ‘Idea’ was derived from it. But the most proper alternative word for Ved is Vision, or Divine Manifestation. Those Rishis who experienced it are called “Mantradrashta Rishi.” , and they got the Vak (vedic Language) in their hearts and minds during contemplatative state, and imparted all this knowledge to ordinary people.

There is no known creator of the Veds , and thus they are called ‘Apourusheya’ or divine.

In the present times, where as on the hand advances in technology , media, electronics , industries and business professionalism have necessitated globalization, on the other hand , there also have been growing prosperity , monopoly , violence, competition , exploitation , and various ill tendencies and mental disorders arising out of them. Globalization is necessary for communication and contacts because of the multiple successes of the world.� All the nations of the world are coming together. This is globalization. So , a practical outlook for everything in the daily life has become vital.

The Veds contain very detailed discussions regarding modern practical daily life, including the leaders, groups, viewpoints, aspirations, inspirations , work related skills, patience, work capacities, security and cautions adventure, graciousness compassions sources and resources , tools and instruments , management , quality , praise and encouragement , praise and slander etc.��

The Veds explain the importance of one’s point of view in his life. In absence of this sensitive thing in human life , man would have turned into an animal or a demon , because point of view is the one which generates contradicting thoughts and feeling like good and bad, moral and immoral.

The Veds are the original sources of the development of man’s civilization. They contain his education right from his conception to his death.

Even today , they consider the universe as one.� All the religions and good qualities have their origins in the Veds, because when man first saw them, at that time humanity was one, and even geographically , it was like one single family. The earth was the mother of all , and all human beings were her offspring , as described in the Rig Ved 22/1/22.

There was unity on the entire earth. The Veds were created out of the great Yajna performed by the Creator to create the universe, along with all the virtues (RigVed 10/80/2 , 1/164/38.)

There was no division based on religions, no violence, and there was only love and compassion everywhere, because the Veds believe that anyone who loves the God, also loves all living beings. The Veds manifest themselves wherever all behave with love and compassion with each other. There is nothing worthy of worship except the Veds. If there is, then you can take it for granted that there exist blind faith and superstition. They are for the entire humanity , as explained in Atharva Ved 2/1/15.

Despite all this it is really said that there are so many religions and so many nations that divide us. They Veds have the basis on which every religion stands and runs and exists. Rig Ved says that Veds are like God and there are no divisions and differences among humans. God is the father and all are His offspring (4/16/8).

Atharva Ved says that the earth is the home for all people with different thoughts, duties and languages. It provides everything to every one (12/1/45).

The Veds don’t subscribe to difference� of high and low. People must live with unity, even if they are greater or lesser with reference to wealth and position. They must behave with love and compassion with each other , work unitedly and consider each other equal. (Atharva 3/3/5).

This thought is the one which is the basis of every religion on earth. This is the universal form of the Veds. The Veds are the universal religion. They say that you should share with each other whatever you get, and not enjoy everything selfishly, because it is a sin. (Rig 10/117).

In this world peace and happiness exist only when all humans are equal and one , and they must remember that their ancestors too had enjoyed peace and happiness, and knew very well the importance of the company of virtuous people (Rig 10/181/2).

The Lord God is the one ruler of everyone – the Allah of Islam, the Bhagwan of Hinduism and the God of Christianity. RigVed says that all worship only the one Indra i.e., God (2/99/9), and He helps all (8/65/7).

All the humans are included here, from whichever religion or sect or caste or faith or thought. They are all one and equal , and there is only one God, called by whatever name and in whatever language.

For the Veds, there is no caste and creed , high and low , big and small. They have always preached and practiced universal brotherhood God Himself says through the Veds, “I preach this for everyone on earth considering them as equal- whether a Brahmin or a Kshatriya or a Vsishya or a Shudra , or a native or a foreigner , from this world or the other , whether he is of this religion or that , whether known or a stranger , whether a friend or a foe (V.S.26/2).

The creation of the Vedic literature is for universal good , and trying to find any anger or hate in it is a sign of narrow mindedness. Every Vedic Richa is full of welfare of all living beings.

Family – To begin with, any individual achieves his self-development in his family. The Soumanasya Sukta in the Atharva Ved has instructions for an individual to behave with his family with love and care , without hate and selfishness , with sacrifice and in a civilized, gentle manner.(Atharva� Ved 3/30/1-3). It is also explained that a man’s body should be like a mountain cliff (Yajur Ved 29/49) , and that he must be full of courage , luminosity , bravery etc. (Yajur Ved 19/9). Also , that nobody can be successful without hard work , not even God helps him (RigVed 4/33/11), and so , one must be industrious to achieve development and progress.

Caste System – Caste system is scientific and just according to Vedic literature. A nation is run by various kinds of persons, including the learned Brahmins , Kshatriyas , Vaishyas , and Shudras , who serve the nation , remaining within their own spheres of work.

To understand the Vedic from of the caste system , the Purushasukta of the RigVed is important , as it explains its scientific definition. It contains description of all the four castes mentioned above. There are four distinct types based on the functions of men, which are described as various parts of a body. RigVed (10/12) says that Brahmin is the face of Lord Prajapati, while the Kshatriya is His hands and arms, the Vaishya is His thighs , and the Shudra is its feet. Brahmin is the symbol of knowledge, Kshatriya is the symbol of power , Vaisha is the symbol of the economy and Shudra is the symbol of service.

Whether it is body system or that of a society or nation, all are run by different parts. Man is the living example of a caste system , where Brahmin is the face , while the Kshatriya is the hands and arms, the Vaishya is stomach or store , and the Shudra is its feet. Brahmin is the symbol of knowledge, Kshatriya is the symbol od power, vaisha is the symbol of the economy and Shudra is the symbol of service. Every part has its own importance. Hands cannot do the job of the head, stomach can’t do the job of the feet, or vice versa. Each part has to perform its allotted functions. There is no animosity among them, nor is there a difference of high and low.

A totally similar system is there for the nation. It is only with his function and abilities that one can be a Brahmin or a Kshatriya or a Vaishya or a Shudra. No two persons are the same as far as intelligence and capacity are concerned.Someone is the governor, some other is a governed. Without a proper understanding of the caste system, the social atmosphere is totally contaminated.

When the primary objectives and thoughts behind the Vedic caste system were forgotten, it created an unscientific casteism, which resulted in the differences of high and� low and thus contaminated the social atmosphere. This was when the donflict of just and unjust was started off , which is now seen in the form of social anomalies. The Dalits harbored their own points of view which created disunity, and resulted in a complete divisiveness in the country.

What in needed today is preservation of humanity and not reservations based on narrow caste differences. We must think seriously what the Veds have to say and remove the hatred for one another, so that there can be the development of the soul. The VedVani has all that is needed for development of all in an atmosphere of brotherhood and unity.

Brother should not fight with a brother, and love his sister as well. All humans should come together in mind, body , speech and duty and speak the same language of wellbeing. (Atharva Ved 3/30/3).

Thus , it is needed to give a deep thought to the Vedic Richas, so that their real and implied meaning can be understood. The Vedic caste system has a science based definition with a view to achieve the wellbeing of all, and with no scope for differences among each other. So , a system based on function is needed to remove the venom-filled atmosphere of casteism. Wisdom and a Vedic way of thinking is a good remedy to remove caste based narrow thinking.

It is a fact that all the castes have moved away from their allotted function, which is the reason why the nation has reached the state of division. So , all of must should stick diligently to our duties and functions, with a feeling of oneness and brotherhood for each other (YajurVed 36/18), and dedicate ourselves to the preservation and protection of humanity. (RigVed 6/75/14).

Today, the public mind is so badly influenced by the misconceptions of modernity, that everything that is ours is hated, and everything that is foreign is welcomed. This is the reason why the whole world is in the grip of destructive forces. In such conditions, if we follow the veds and vedic standards , it will end all the greed for money and power, as well as all the corruption. If both the governors and the governed work with a view to achieve good for all and think only about the national good, we will automatically move towards universal good. But for this , our desires must be controlled.

Human desires

Three types of desires are described in the Upanishad period –Desire for the son, desire for prosperity and wealth , and desire for popularity. Today, man still has all the three desires, but in addition, there are so many others that are becoming more and more powerful, which give only temporary materialistic satisfaction, but later induce man to do all kinds of misdeeds and immoral things, and this leads to his moral downfall , and finally to self-destruction. So , it is necessary that so as to save oneself� from such destructive desires, one must think whether the are right or wrong, before they are satisfied. If a desire is right, only then an effort should be made to satisfy it, otherwise it would be only so much loss.

Needs – There are three types of man’s needs: Necessities, comforts and luxuries. Of these , those needs on which the whole life actually depends, are the most important, which are the three well known ones: Food clothing and shelter. Everybody should Satisfy these needs according to his particular conditions. Even these can be controlled through four types of controls: control an speech, control on body organs, control on food intake and control on unnecessary use of human power.

Control on speech: Use your hands as much as possible, and use your tongue as less as possible. For this reason , the observance of silence is said to be the most difficult in the practice of contemplation, because it save loss of energy and also generates energy within the body.

Control on body organs: Desires and wants are unlimited and one desire gives birth to another. So one should not get caught in this vicious circle. Everything is good till it is under control. We must learn spendthrift tendencies from the nature. Nobody can drink all the wather of a river. He can drink only as much as is needed. Similarly, we have only a certain pulse rate, we have only a certain body temperature. If it crosses the limits, it can be fatal for us. Similarly, it is always better to keep the needs under control.

Cantrol on food intake: Man must apply his power to achieve his set goals, so that the job will be done properly. Power should be used constructively and not for destructive purposes.

If we are to live happily, we must control our desires, and be part of the effort to make the society and the nation prosperous. This is possible only when moral principles are followed.

Moral Principles: Ethics controls and disciplines human behaviour. It encourages humanity and generates good thoughts.edly used word “rit” in the Vedic Samhitas means

If we look at the characters of the Vedic deities, we find that they are full of truth, nonviolence, brotherhood, love compassion , graciousness etc.

It is a fact that a family, society or nation is nothing but an extension of the individual. In the absence of the individual, on other natural or man-made things can constitute a family or a society or a nation. So , before the family or society or nation, the individual’s life must be clean in all respects, and if every individual person’s life is clean, then he can create a clean family and society and nation in a useful manner. The repeatedly used word “rit” in the Vedic Samhitas meant permanent, ever-lasting ethical rules. This word was also repeatedly used together with ‘satya’ i.e., truth , which means they were separate principles. RigVed (9/73/6) says that a man with bad tendencies cannot walk on the path of “rit”. In 10/85/1 , it also deems the truth as one of the primary duties of a man , and the world existed only on the support of truth.

Truthful living was deemed to be indispensable for a pious life. RigVed (10/37/2) says that it is the truth following which the sky as well as the day exist, the whole world and all the living beings exist, the water flows in the rivers every day, and the sun shines.

The Rig Ved considers only good deeds as important , and not any deeds. Thus, the Vedic Rishis wished to follow only the good way of life (10/57/1). So also , the Rishis, as they wanted to be saved from committing sins, say that they did not wish to break the rules that forbade them� from killing a Brahmin, drinking alcohol, theft, promiscuity, other sins, not inducing others to commit sins etc, because anyone doing any one of these is a sinful man (10/5/6).

We come to know from the RigVed that the Aryas of those times wanted to stay away from sins , because they believed that a sin is difficult to hide, because divine spies keep a watch through the night and know all the good and sinful activities. (10/10/8).

Good moral character was considered necessary in those Vedic times. The Fire God is requested to cleanse one’s mind (Rig 10/20/1).

Laziness was considered a blot on a man’s character. The Rishis knew that God helps those who endeavours and works , and a man living doing nothing has no help from even the God. (Rig 4/33/11). For the same reason, a gambler is asked to shun gambling and do agriculture (Rig 10/34/13).

The entire Vedic period moral life was based on equality among humans. Just as various diseases and mental disorders can be found in any man, asocial or antisocial elements are bound to exist in any society. For this reason public prayers were performed for the good, happiness, prosperity of all during those times (Rig 1/10/9).

Those Mantras which worship the God in the form of parents hold special importance (Rig 4/18/11). This also is the basis of universal good and nationalism.

If everyone tries to imbibe moral and ethics qualities in himself like in the Vedic times, even today , a progressive society without a lot of present defects exist.

The Veds are also full of in-depth knowledge of government of nation, just as they contain knowledge of a lot of other subjects.

They even have the concepts of not only a nation, but also a united nations organization. They call a nation ‘motherland’. As per this concept, the amount of land considered by the people as their motherland is their nation. Thus a nation can become bigger or smaller. According to Veds, it is the ideal situation when the entire world becomes one single nation. The whole humanity will consider itself offspring of this nation and all others as its brothers and sisters. At that time, the concept of nation or foreign nation or even united nations will become pointless.

So far man has progressed from a state of anarchy to a nation , but has not yet progressed to the state of united nations or a single world nation, though the process is going� on for this.

Good nation – self-government- The words motherland, nation or self-government are synonymous in the Veds. Whatever area of land is considered by a society as theirs , it is their nation. That society has the right to take care of it. If the area is under its administrator, then it is its self-government.

It is the duty of this society that it makes every human being in its nation powerful and brave and luminous, so that their nation can be in a class of great nations. (Rig 5/66/6). Every human in this society and every administration must ceaselessly strive for this , because otherwise, the nation cannot be said to have good governance , and cannot achive lasting fame.

Chief of government- The chief administrator is generally called Indra or King in the Veds. He was elected by the citizens (Atharva 3/4/2). They could retain him on that post (Atharva 6/88/2), or dethrone him too (Athrva 6/81/2), or even crown him again (Ai.Bra. 4/3/3/6 ). They empowered him and protected him in all respects (Atharva 7/34, 1/29-30). Thus, it was a prime duty of the king to keep his subjects happy.

That king was a servant of the citizens, was made clear by way of a religious ritual at the time of crowning a king. The ministers would touch the king’s back with a staff, symbolizing that although the citizens were placing the king above punishment, they still held the powers ultimately and basically to punish him. The king can only punish (Rig 4/47/11), he is not the original source of punishment. Though they had the ultimate powers, and they empowered the king to punish and even placed him above punishment they were voluntarily agreeing to follow all his instructions (Rig 4/4/3). Thus , it is clear that a nation can progress and prosper and well-governed only when the ruler and the rule are interdependent.

Expectations of the subjects or citizens.

Citizens of a country expect there should be peace in their country & that they should be able to live peacefully throughout their lives. Stability of country or state is hampered by the behaviour of neighbouring states or countries. Therefore the citizens express their desires to the governing bodies.

‘Ye powerful Ruler! If our enemy countries are planning to destroy us, we are ready to sacrifice our lives in destroying them. Our weapons should bot be less powerful than theirs & we should not be under the influence of any other neighbouring countries against possessing powerful weapons.’

‘Ye powerful King, Attorney General, destroy all those who envy & hate us!

This makes it clear that according to the Veds, people who live out of the county orwithin the country & are enemies of the country should not be forgiven at any cost.

Samved which preaches religion , in its last 24 psalms states the ways in which we can put to an end our enemies. Controversies within & out of the Country can be settled without any compromise.

Education , Health & Medical Care

Education Health & Analysis play a vital role in the duties of a Ruler. A proper balances of these should be maintained to safeguard the country’s happiness & prosperity. To attain this to the fullest, it is important to go along with nature & eco-balance MUST be maintained.

Education : As a father sets an example before his children through his behaviour, so also does a tutor before his students.

Health : One should eat only when it is necessary to do so, in the adequate quantities required & at a set time. If these rules of eating are followed no disease will ever invade you.

Medical Care : A morning brisk walk & ‘Pranayam’ will solve all your health problems.

In this way with an elaborate outlook towards life will your country be able to attain its goal.

If all the people in the world have this outlook, the whole world can become one country!

Veds teach us the basic rules of governing the people, science,education,law,security etc. If all of us together follow the teachings of veds only then will we be able to make our country an ideal country – the first step towards making the whole world one country.

Comparing the present times to the Veda period, now all that is going on is an unending mockery of the ancient modesty, culture & economy which will lead us to a frightening vaccum. There is no social ethics, nor religiousness; corruption & bad economy is absolutely frustrating. We cannot think of a bright future. The main reason is the changing life style- behaviour towards one another- an absurd way� of thinking is self destructive. People are athiests, self-centered, looting others & with no idealism. Good & modest behaviour alone makes a man. This kind of abnormal state of mind will never make people happy or lead them to a peaceful life.

Teaching of the Veds will help to improve this present situation, to bring people on the right path & along with self development, social awakening can also come about. The culture which de-generates human values will not last long. Veds alone can guide people, where human values are rated high & welfare of the world is given importance.

Today� the concept of globalization has been established. Now it is time to shun the thoughts which give rise to distinction of class & religion, & try to establish social peace & prosperity. It is also necessary to think of the welfare & progress of the society which as is according to the concept of the Veds.

The reason behind the globalization should be clear. Is it being done to promote business for profit or for the benefit of the poor & the needy by providing more facilities to them ? The cause will be clear only after implementation. In the internal transctions of globalization , science plays an important role in achieving its target through proper execution. Target is achieved through social landership in globalization; this concept & also the examples in science which are made use of arementioned in the veds. This shows that the tactice explained in the Veds are incidental to the present times.

It is clear that Veds present the cosmic man, the life style of the villagers, applications in agriculture, rearing of cattle & devotion in production. Veds includeascetic practice, economy & devotion to work.

Veds discuss ‘Brahma’ which cannot be spoken of but that which allows one to speak, that which cannot be heard, but allows one to hear, that which cannot be seen , but allows one to see, which cannot be thought of , but allows one to meditate, that is the Soul, & that is ‘Bhrahma’.

After all this origin of man was ‘Brahma’. First came the sky or universe, then air & gas then fire, then water, then our world, then medicine, then grain & last of all the Man. The soul of man is the Superme Spirit of ‘Brahma’. In the Veds ‘Rugveda’ is first holy book of primitive of man. In this book appears the culture, emotion, ways of worship & lifestyle – which is very much under control & systematic. Today materialism & atheism is developing very fast. If we are expecting a brighter future teachings of the Veds have to be adopted.

Tag Names : Athrvaved,Rugveda,Ved
About Translator:Sou. Lalita Marathe
Other articles of this author :
1 The true nature of the Supreme Spirit of in Vedant
2 The Shastras and ancient religion of India
3 Residence of Soul in Body as described in Vedas
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